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In October 2018, NSF implemented the Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting & Conformance (DMARC) email changes required by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to improve email security. Some email routing practices (such as auto-forwarding to personal email accounts and sending messages through third-party providers) may cause messages to be flagged as potentially fraudulent by DMARC security checks and blocked. If your email is auto-forwarded to another account, such as a personal email account, you may not receive emails from NSF in that forwarded account. More information about DMARC and email delivery from NSF.

Operations and Design  (OD)


See program guidelines for contact information.


The Operations and Design cluster supports fundamental research in design, operation, optimization and control to advance the complex engineered and socio-technical systems critical to society. 

Programs in the Operations and Design cluster invest in theoretical, analytical, computational, and empirical research to enable systems that:

•  are efficient, reliable and resilient over the entire spectrum of operating conditions, including extreme perturbations such as those due to hazards and disasters;

•  address humans as an integral element of engineered systems or the engineering process;

•  support improved resource allocation and decision making, particularly in modern engineering and resilient communities contexts; and/or

•  improve the wellbeing of the population by reducing societal and economic risk, improving public health and safety, and increasing the nation’s industrial competitiveness.

Programs in the Operations and Design cluster value fundamental scientific and engineering contributions made with a holistic view of problems of societal importance.  Investigators may propose projects that make intellectual contributions within one or more of the following areas to further this aim.  Synergistic multidisciplinary collaborations are also welcome.  Proposals of all sizes will therefore be considered, as justified by the project description.  Investigators are encouraged to discuss their ideas with program directors well in advance of submission, especially for projects crossing domain boundaries.