U.S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel —
Norm Augustine is retired Chairman and CEO the Lockheed Martin Corporation. He joined Martin Marietta Corporation in 1977 as Vice President of Aerospace Technical Operations and became a Director in 1986. Before joining Martin Marietta, he served as Assistant Secretary of the Army (R&D) from 1973-75 and Undersecretary of the Army from 1975-77. He played a leading role in the 1995 merger of Martin Marietta and Lockheed, one of the largest aerospace and defense mergers in history. Mr. Augustine retired from his management roles in 1998 but remained an active Director until 2005. He was a Professor at Princeton, his alma mater, from 1997-99.
Mr. Augustine received the National Medal of Technology from the President of the United States and the Joint Chiefs of Staff Distinguished Public Service Award. He has five times received the Department of Defense’s highest civilian decoration, the Distinguished Service Medal. He is co-author of The Defense Revolution and Shakespeare In Charge and author of Augustine’s Laws and Augustine’s Travels. In 1990 he chaired the panel that led to the construction of the new station at the South Pole.He recently retired from the Boards of Black & Decker (now known as Stanley Black & Decker), Procter & Gamble, and ConocoPhillips. Mr. Augustine was Chairman and Principal Officer of the American Red Cross for nine years, Chairman of the National Academy of Engineering, President and Chairman of the Association of the United States Army, Chairman of the Aerospace Industries Association, and Chairman of the Defense Science Board. He is a Trustee Emeritus of Johns Hopkins and a former member of the Board of Trustees of Princeton and MIT. He holds 28 honorary degrees and was selected by Who’s Who in America and the Library of Congress as one of “Fifty Great Americans” on the occasion of Who’s Who fiftieth anniversary.
Thad Allen is currently a Senior Fellow at the RAND Corporation and Distinguished Professor of Practice in the Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration. Allen completed his distinguished career in the United States Coast Guard career as its 23rd Commandant, retiring from that position in June 2010.
On May 1, 2010, President Barack Obama selected Admiral Allen to serve as the National Incident Commander for the unified response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico — a position he held concurrently while finishing his tenure as Commandant of the Coast Guard. In that position, Allen oversaw all response efforts to stop the flow of oil and mitigate the effects of the worst oil disaster in U.S. history. Working closely with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Departments of Homeland Security, Defense, Interior, Commerce, and Health and Human Services, he sought to unify response operations. Allen was also in charge of coordinating with various state and local entities, as well as directing the efforts of BP, the responsible party in the spill.
Before his assignment as Commandant, Allen served as Coast Guard Chief of Staff. During his tenure in that position, in 2005, he was designated Principal Federal Official for the U.S. government’s response and recovery operations in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita throughout the Gulf Coast region. He also has served as Coast Guard Commander, Atlantic Area, in 2001 and led the Coast Guard’s Atlantic Area forces following the September 11 attacks. As Commander, Seventh Coast Guard District, he oversaw all operations in the southeastern United States and in the Caribbean.
Allen, a native of Tucson, Arizona, graduated in 1971 from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. He holds a Masters in Public Administration from The George Washington University (from which he received the Alumni Achievement Award in 2006) and a Master of Science in Management from the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Allen has been awarded honorary doctorate degrees from George Mason University, the National Defense University, and the National Graduate School. He is a Fellow in the National Academy of Public Administration and a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Allen currently serves as a director on the Coast Guard Foundation and Partnership for Public Service.
Craig Dorman attended Dartmouth College on a Navy scholarship and remained in naval service until he retired as Rear Admiral (RDML) in 1989. His naval career was equally divided between operational tours and command in Naval Special Warfare (UDT/SEAL Teams) and management of oceanographic and antisubmarine warfare research and development programs from Washington, DC.
After leaving the Navy, he served as Director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution until 1993. He returned to Washington, D.C., to become Deputy Director, Defense Research and Engineering for Laboratory Management, and then moved to London as Chief Scientist and Technical Director of the Office of Naval Research’s International Field Office from 1995 to 1997. While in London, he was on an Intergovernmental Personnel Act assignment from the Applied Physics Laboratory of Pennsylvania State University and held an appointment as Visiting Professor at Imperial College.
He returned to Washington to serve as special assistant and then Chief Scientist at the Office of Naval Research from 1998 through 2001. During this period, he was actively involved in interagency issues dealing with the intersection of national security, intelligence, and the environment. In 2002, he began service as Vice President for Research for the University of Alaska Statewide System, and in 2003 added responsibility for Academic Affairs. Mr. Dorman retired from the University of Alaska in September 2007. He has served on Boards of both industry and academic institutions and directed studies and reviews for the National Research Council, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the Smithsonian Institution.
Hugh W. Ducklow is the Director of the Ecosystems Center at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole.
Dr. Ducklow is a biological oceanographer and has been studying the dynamics of plankton foodwebs in estuaries, the coastal ocean, and the open sea since 1980. He and his students have worked principally on microbial foodwebs and their role in the marine carbon cycle. Dr. Ducklow has participated in oceanographic cruises in Chesapeake Bay, the North Atlantic Ocean, the Bermuda and Hawaii Time Series stations, the Black Sea, the Arabian Sea, the Ross Sea, the Southern Ocean, the Equatorial Pacific and the Great Barrier Reef. Much of the work was done in the decade-long Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), which he led in the late 1990s. He has been working on various projects in Antarctica since 1994.
Currently, Dr. Ducklow leads the Palmer Antarctica Long Term Ecological Research Project on the west Antarctic Peninsula and is investigating the responses of the marine ecosystem to rapid climate warming. Although his research is primarily experimental and observational, he uses mathematical models and collaborates with modelers to gain deeper understanding and derive maximum information from observations.
Dr. Ducklow received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1977. Before coming to the MBL in 2007, Ducklow was Glucksman Professor of Marine Science at The College of William and Mary.
Bart Gordon joined K &L Gates as partner in the Washington, D.C. office after 26 years in the United States House of Representatives. Mr. Gordon served as Chairman of the House Committee on Science and Technology from 2007 to 2010. Mr. Gordon was a senior member of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and also served on the House Committee on Financial Services and the House Committee on Rules.
During his congressional career, Mr. Gordon developed a reputation as the undisputed leader in innovation policy in the U.S. Congress. In 2008, he championed the America COMPETES Act, which promotes federal investments in innovation in order to make the US more competitive. In 2010, as Chairman of the Science and Technology Committee, he engineered the passage of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act. Mr. Gordon is also a distinguished fellow Council on Competitiveness.
R. Keith Harrison joined Proctor & Gamble in 1970 as a team manager at the company’s Mehoopany, Pennsylvania plant. During his more than 40 years with P&G, he has served in various positions, managing large, diverse global organizations. He is currently Global Product Supply Officer for the company and is responsible for company-wide supply chain activities, including manufacturing at 145 factories, engineering, purchasing, and quality control.
Born in Greenville, Ohio, Mr. Harrison received his Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Duke University in 1970.
Dr. Hartill is a professor of physics at Cornell Universtiy. He received his B. Sc. in Physics from MIT and his Ph. D. in Physics from Caltech. He is an experimentalist in high energy physics currently specializing in accelerator physics with a focus on RF accelerating systems, including low-frequency superconducting cavities suitable for accelerating muon beams. In the past, he developed large cylindrical drift chambers and their associated fast high sensitivity electrons as the central tracking detectors for the e+e- collider experiment CLEO at Cornell.
He has served as Chair of several NSF Review Panels for MREFC projects, including LIGO, IceCube, and the initial reviews of the US portion of ALMA and OOI. He currently is a member of HEPAP and is the Vice Chair of the Division of the Physics of Beams of the American Physical Society and is a fellow of the society. From 2004 to 2010 he was a member of the Scientific Policy Committee of CERN. During the 2008-2009 winter, he chaired one of the two external review committees formed to recommend modifications to the LHC to avoid future cryogenic accidents due to system failures.
Since 1996 he has served as Mayor of the Village of Lansing in New York. It is a village with 3,300 residents adjacent to Ithaca, New York, in the Finger Lakes Region of New York. It has an annual budget of $3.9 M, has one of the lowest village tax rates in New York State, and has no debt.
Dr. Gérard JUGIE is an Emeritus research Director of the French government-funded research organization CNRS, formerly working in the field of coordination chemistry and nuclear resonance spectroscopies. He has published more than 50 papers in refereed journals and presented at more than 100 conferences both in fundamental chemistry, science policy, and more recently polar subjects. Jugie received his graduate degrees from the University of Toulouse (France) and has been research fellow of the Royal Society for 2 years at Queen Elizabeth College (London-Kensington).
Jugie began at the CNRS headquarter as Director of the industrial office and then became responsible for the western part of France and later for Languedoc Roussillon district. From 1997 to 2010, Jugie was the Director of the French Polar Institute (IPEV). During this period, he was elected chairman of COMNAP (Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs), chairman of EPB (European Polar Board), and chairman of EPC (European Polar Consortium).
Louis J. Lanzerotti, a native of Carlinville, Illinois, joined the technical staff of ATT Bell Laboratories in 1967, after serving 2 years as a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University and at Bell Laboratories. He retired in 2002 and remained a consultant to Alcatel-Lucent through 2008. In 2002, he was appointed a Distinguished Research Professor of Physics in the Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research at the New Jersey Institute of Technology in Newark, New Jersey, and has also served as an adjunct professor of electrical engineering at the University of Florida and as a Regents' Lecturer at UCLA.
His principal research interests have included space plasmas, geophysics, and engineering problems related to the impacts of atmospheric and space processes and the space environment on space and terrestrial technologies. Much of his research has involved close collaborations with telecommunications service providers on commercial satellite and long-haul (principally transoceanic) cables. His research has also involved geomagnetism, solid earth geophysics, and some oceanography. This research has been applied to design and operations of systems associated with spacecraft and cable operations.
Lanzerotti has conducted geophysical research in the Antarctic and the Arctic since the 1970s, directed largely toward understanding of Earth's upper atmosphere and space environments. He has co-authored one book, co-edited four books, and is an author of more than 500 refereed engineering and science papers. He is founding editor for Space Weather, The International Journal of Research and Applications, published by the American Geophysical Union. He has seven patents issued or filed.
He has served as principal investigator or co-investigator on several United States NASA interplanetary and planetary missions, including IMP, Voyager, Ulysses, Galileo, and Cassini. Currently, he is a principal investigator on the NASA Radiation Belts Storm Probes mission scheduled for a May 2012 launch.
Lanzerotti has also served as a member or chair of numerous committees of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies. His past NRC responsibilities include chair, Space Studies Board; chair, Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board; and chair, Decadal Survey of Solar and Space Physics. He served on the Vice President's Space Policy Advisory Board, 1990-1992.
He is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering and of the International Academy of Astronautics and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the American Physical Society (APS), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is the recipient of two NASA Distinguished Public Service Medals, the NASA Distinguished Scientific Achievement Medal, the COSPAR William Nordberg Medal, and the Antarctic Service Medal of the United States. Minor Planet 5504 Lanzerotti recognizes his space and planetary research, and Mount Lanzerotti (74.50° S, 70.33° W) recognizes his research in the Antarctic. He was appointed to the National Science Board in 2004.
General McNabb is Commander, U.S. Transportation Command, Scott Air Force Base, Ill. USTRANSCOM is the single manager for global air, land and sea transportation for the Department of Defense, and includes over 150,000 Soldier, Sailors, Airmen, Marines and civilians.
General McNabb graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1974. A command pilot, he has amassed more than 5,600 flying hours in transport and rotary wing aircraft and has held command and staff positions at squadron, group, wing, major command and Department of Defense levels. In his most recent assignments, General McNabb served as the Director for Logistics on the Joint Staff and was responsible for operational logistics and strategic mobility support to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretary of Defense. He then was chosen to command USAF Air Mobility Command and has led 134,000 airmen in providing rapid global mobility, aerial refueling, special airlift and aeromedical evacuation for America’s armed forces. Before taking command of USTRANSCOM, Gen McNabb served as the 33rd Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
Robert Spearing was the Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Communications within the NASA’s headquarters Space Operations Mission Directorate. He retired from that position in April 2007. His duties encompassed all aspects of the NASA space communications program including policy development, strategic planning, program oversight, budget development and defense, and senior level interface with other Government organizations both nationally and internationally. The program encompasses spaceflight mission operations, systems acquisition, architecture planning, data standards development, technology maturation, and spectrum management.
He has managed, both at Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA Headquarters, space and ground communications networks including the Space Network (TDRSS), the Deep Space Network (DSN), the Ground Network (GN), and the NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN).
Before his most recent assignment, Mr. Spearing held several positions at the division president and senior vice-president level with private sector IT companies. His earlier career totaling 27 years was with the NASA at Goddard Space Flight Center where he rose to the position of Director of Mission Operations and Data Systems. He joined the Senior Executive Service in 1985.
He was recognized for his accomplishments with a number of awards including NASA’s outstanding leadership medal and its distinguished service medal. His academic degree is in electrical engineering from Clarkson University.
Since his retirement from NASA he has maintained a consulting practice.
A soil ecologist and environmental scientist, Diana Wall is University Distinguished Professor and Director of the School of Global Environmental Sustainability at Colorado State University. Dr. Wall is actively engaged in research exploring how microbial and invertebrate diversity contributes to healthy, productive soils and thus to society, and the consequences of human activities on soil globally.
Her more than 20 years of research in the Antarctic Dry Valleys follows the response of soil organisms and ecosystem processes to environmental change. In 2005 in recognition of her research contributions, Wall Valley, Antarctica was designated, and in 2009, a new soil mite species was named for her.
She served as a member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology Working Group on Biodiversity Preservation and Ecosystem Sustainability, the NRC Committee on the Future of Antarctic Science, the Polar Research Board, and the U.S. Commission of UNESCO. She is presently a member of the U.S. Standing Committee on Life Sciences for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. She was recently honored as the Tansley Lecturer by the British Ecological Society.
Diana holds an Honorary Doctorate from Utrecht University and is a Fellow of the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Society of Nematologists. Diana has served as President of the Ecological Society of America, American Institute of Biological Sciences, the Intersociety Consortium for Plant Protection, Association of Ecosystem Research Centers, the Society of Nematologists and Chair, Council of Scientific Society Presidents.
Diana received her BA and Ph.D. from the University of Kentucky, Lexington.