About Polar Programs
Division Director: Kelly K. Falkner
The Office of Polar Programs (OPP) manages and initiates National Science Foundation funding for basic research and its operational support in the Arctic and the Antarctic. The funds are provided as NSF grants to institutions (mainly U.S. universities), whose scientists perform the research at the institutions or in a polar region, and as cooperative agreements or contracts to support organizations including contractors and the U.S. military.
Polar supports individual investigators or research teams and U.S. participation in multinational projects. Projects can involve investigators from many disciplines and institutions over several years.
Organizationally, Polar has two science sections - one for the Arctic and the Antarctic. A third section manages the logistics and support operations including field stations, camps, laboratories, ships, and airplanes. Environmental, health and safety issues are handled by the Polar Environment, Health and Safety Section.
The United States is a leading nation in polar science, and research results have global significance. Because the polar regions intrigue the public, they provide opportunities for educational enrichment.
Polar regions are unique natural laboratories. A range of research can be undertaken only there or best there. Polar considers supporting polar research in these areas:
- Understanding Earth and its systems. Goals include achieving better understanding of polar regions' influence on and response to global heat distribution in the oceans and the atmosphere, adaptations of organisms to polar extremes, and the valuable records of past climates and atmospheric constituents in ice cores, polar ocean sediments, and other indicators.
- Exploring the geographical frontier. Many fields of science are exploring the still unevenly understood polar frontiers. For example, the central Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean are the least studied oceans, especially during winter.
- Performing science enabled by the polar setting. Polar conditions can enable research either not possible elsewhere or less effective elsewhere. Examples are the extremely dry atmosphere over the South Pole as a window for astrophysical study of the origins of the universe, arctic social sciences, and antarctic medical sciences.
(Additional related links are available on Polar's Related Polar Links page.)
- Polar organizational chart (PDF file, 131KB)
- Polar Programs Budget Excerpt (FY 2017 Request)
- Opportunities for Participation in the U.S. Antarctic and Arctic Programs
- Government Performance Results Act (2000 - 2009 Reports)
- Polar Advisory Committee, 1998-2012
- Antarctic New Investigators Workshop, 2006
U.S. Antarctic Policy Links
- U.S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel
- More and Better Science in Antarctica through Increased Logistcal Effectivness (2012 report; PDF format, 9,507 KB)
- NSF Response to the USAP Blue Ribbon report (PDF format, 2,448 KB)
- Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean (2011; Polar Research Board National Academy of Sciences)
Antarctic Treaty Policy Related Links
- U.S. Antarctic Program and Environmental Stewardship
- U.S. Antarctic Treaty Exchange of Information (1997 — 2009)
(The Exchange of Information is now compiled for all Consultative Parties on the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat site.)
- Antarctic Treaty Secretariat
- Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs
- Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Arctic Policy Related Links
- Arctic Research and Policy
- Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC)
- National Strategy for the Arctic Region (2013)
- Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984
- U.S. Arctic Research Commission
- Arctic Research Consortium of United States (ARCUS)
- NSF International Polar Year Information