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Research on the Tolbachik eruption (Image 5)

Standing alongside a 30-meter-wide lava channel

Standing alongside a 30-meter-wide lava channel in the Leningradskoye lava field requires proper protective padding. Even wearing special gear, it was too hot to remain at the 1080-degree-Celsius lava's edge for more than one or two minutes during the Tolbachik 2012-2013 eruption, which began Nov. 27, 2012, after 36 years of inactivity. [Image 5 of 16 related images. See Image 6.]

Ben Edwards, a professor of Earth sciences at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through a RAPID (Grant for Rapid Response Research) grant (EAR 13-21648) to study lava-snow interactions and their eruptive products of Tolbachik. (Date image taken: January 2013; date originally posted to NSF Multimedia Gallery: May 30, 2019)

Credit: Benjamin R. Edwards

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