Email Print Share

A FAVE-suite spectrogram of an 1988-born speaker vocally progressing from the word "make"

graphic representation of a speaker vocal progression from the word make to meek

This spectrogram, measured by a program called the FAVE suite, shows a speaker born in 1988 vocally progressing from the word "make" toward "meek." The vertical bars show the beating of the vocal cords. The horizontal dark bars show the shaping effect of the tongue and the lips.

Credit: William Labov, University of Pennsylvania

General Restrictions:
Images and other media in the Multimedia in the News section of the NSF Multimedia Gallery are not for use by the public without permission from the copyright owner listed in the credit.

Images credited to the National Science Foundation, a federal agency, are in the public domain. The images were created by employees of the United States Government as part of their official duties or prepared by contractors as "works for hire" for NSF. You may freely use NSF-credited images and, at your discretion, credit NSF with a "Courtesy: National Science Foundation" notation. Additional information about general usage can be found in Conditions.

Also Available:
Download the high-resolution JPG version of the image. (96 KB)

Use your mouse to right-click (Mac users may need to Ctrl-click) the link above and choose the option that will save the file or target to your computer.

Related story: Detecting social patterns from shifting dialects