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Fact Sheet

State Rankings for R & D

April 30, 2002

Background. Science and Engineering Indicators traditionally has been the nation's most authoritative source for nationwide and statewide expenditures for research and development (R&D). The report contains detailed state data on university, industry and federal sources of R&D spending.

The latest trends in R&D spending for the top states, according to Science and Engineering Indicators 2002, include:

  • In 1999, the most recent year for which full information is available, total spending, by industry, government, universities and nonprofit organizations was $244 billion, compared to $211 billion in 1997.
  • The three leading states in R&D spending remained the same during the two-year period: California (first), Michigan (second) and New York (third). Each state had significant increases in R&D expenditures.
  • Among the 20 leading states for in-state R&D activity, Arizona is a new entrant, moving up from from 21st to 14th, the farthest movement of any state. Others moving up: Connecticut (16th to 15th), Virginia (14th to 13th), North Carolina (13th to 12th), Pennsylvania (7th to 6th) and Texas (6th to 4th).
  • Three states and the District of Columbia moved down and/or off the top 20 list as a result of reduced or relatively static expenditures on R&D. Florida dropped from 12th to 16th, New Jersey (4th to 7th); Minnesota (15th to 18th); Indiana (18th to 21st); and the District of Columbia (20th to 23rd).

Source material. See more state data contained in S&E Indicators 2002 at:
An InfoBrief, Interstate Migration Patterns of Recent Science and Engineering Doctorate Recipients (NSF 02-311), may be found at:
For the latest information and statistics from the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resources Statistics, see:



See also:

Media Contacts
William Harms, National Science Foundation, (703) 292-8070,

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2017, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards.

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