Robot Assistant Reports to Surgery
Machine lets nurses focus on patient care
For the first time, a robot acting independently and without a human operator has aided doctors performing surgery. On June 16, the Penelope Surgical Instrument Server (SIS) successfully delivered and retrieved instruments for a NewYork-Presbyterian/The Allen Pavilion surgical team as they removed a benign tumor from a patient's forearm.
Michael Treat, one of the hospital's surgeons and a professor of clinical surgery at Columbia University Medical Center, developed Penelope to perform some of the more mechanical and repetitive surgical tasks, thereby enabling nurses to concentrate on patient care.
The official press announcement released by the university, the hospital, and Robotic Surgical Tech, Inc.--the Columbia University Medical Center spin-off founded by Treat to develop Penelope SIS and related technologies -- can be found at: http://global.med.cornell.edu/news/nyp/nyp_2005/06_16_05.shtml
An NSF Discovery on Penelope also is available:
Robots in the OR -- Stat!
Penelope was developed in part with funding from the National Science Foundation Small Business Innovation Research program through the following grants:SBIR Phase I: Robotic Scrub Technician
SBIR Phase II: Robotic Scrub Technician
Penelope's development was also supported by grants from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, the Center for Advanced Information Management at Columbia University, New York State Office of Science, Technology & Academic Research, U.S. Army Medical Research & Material Command's Telemedicine & Advanced Technology Research Center, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
Useful NSF Web Sites: