Paleontologists to Discuss "Gap" Fossils that Link Fish and Land Animals
Lecture scheduled for Wednesday, Jan. 24, 2007, at the National Science Foundation
Working in rocks more than 70 million years old far above the Arctic Circle, paleontologists discovered a remarkable new fossil species that is the most compelling evidence yet of an intermediate stage between fish and early limbed animals.
On Wednesday, Jan. 24, 2007, the paleontologists will provide an inside look at their field research during a lecture at the National Science Foundation in Arlington, Va. They will talk about their finding, show the fossil and discuss the evolutionary leap from fish to land animals and how their discovery bridges that gap.
The new fossil species has a skull, neck, ribs and parts of a fin that resemble the earliest limbed animals, called tetrapods. But the creature also has fins and scales like a fish. It was discovered by Neil Shubin of the University of Chicago and Ted Daeschler of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, along with paleontologists from Harvard University.
The scientists call their find a fishapod, and have named it "Tiktaalik," the Nunavut word for a large, shallow-water fish. The fossil was collected during four summers of explorations on Ellesmere Island in Canada's Nunavut Territory. The people of Nunavut retain ownership of the fossil.
At the time Tiktaalik lived in the Late Devonian, 385-365 million years ago, the Canadian Arctic region was part of a landmass that straddled the equator and had a subtropical climate. The deposits that produced the Tiktaalik fossil were left by stream systems meandering across wide floodplains.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
Useful NSF Web Sites: