NSF Awards 12 Grants for Research on Coupled Natural and Human Systems
Scientists, engineers, educators will study natural processes and human behavioral interactions
To better understand the interactions between humans and their environment, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded 12 grants to scientists, engineers and educators across the country to study coupled natural and human systems.
Research conducted through NSF's Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems (CNH) program, in its first year as a multidirectorate program, will provide a better understanding of natural processes and cycles, human behavior and decisions, and how they interact.
The CNH program is supported by NSF's directorates for biological sciences; geosciences; and social, behavioral and economic sciences.
"Improved models for understanding how the geosphere, biosphere and atmosphere are interconnected will rely on research like that supported in CNH projects," said James Collins, NSF assistant director for biological sciences. "The focus of these projects is on uncovering the strong and weak forces that link a wide range of ecosystems. In all these ecosystems, humans play an increasingly important role."
"These projects demonstrate the importance of extending beyond traditional scientific disciplinary boundaries to understand the impacts and drivers of environmental processes," added Jarvis Moyers, acting NSF assistant director for geosciences,
"The awards represent a wonderful range of studies of human behavior as it both causes environmental change and responds to it," said David Lightfoot, NSF assistant director for social, behavioral and economic sciences. "They encompass the behavior of individuals, groups, and institutions, from fishers to suburban households to government agencies."
For example, CNH awardee Arun Agrawal of the University of Michigan and colleagues will study the effects of government changes on logging and forest cover in some of the most valuable and threatened rainforests on Earth--in the Congo Basin in Central Africa. The scientists will analyze and explain how changing environmental governance mechanisms have affected logging and forest-cover change in Cameroon and the Republic of Congo, two countries in the Congo Basin.
The multidisciplinary team of investigators will seek answers to two main questions:
Another CNH project will address the effects of cross-boundary processes on human-nature dynamics in China's Wolong Nature Reserve for giant pandas. Scientist Jianguo (Jack) Liu of Michigan State University and colleagues hope to shed light on that interaction through their CNH award. Successfully balancing wildlife conservation and human well-being requires knowledge of processes operating not only within a particular coupled human-natural system, such as a nature reserve, Liu believes, but also of processes operating across system boundaries.
This project will contribute to a better understanding of the effects of these interacting processes on the coupled human-natural system (forests, panda habitat and local residents) in the Wolong Nature Reserve, the flagship reserve for conservation of the world-famous endangered giant pandas of China. The project will contribute to improved policies for the conservation of panda habitat in Wolong, providing insights for designing plans that balance the needs of panda conservation and economic development in the world's most populous nation.
CNH grantee Colin Polsky of Clark University and colleagues will study suburbanization in coastal zones and its effects on water use, nitrogen cycling and eutrophication along the Massachusetts coast. Suburbanization in coastal regions can lead to severe environmental impacts, Polsky believes, including estuarine eutrophication and the degradation of shellfish resources. It can also produce substantial social disruptions, as established populations--and their contributions to society and the economy--are replaced by new populations and land uses. Polsky and colleagues will provide new insights into the processes that govern suburbanization, water use, nitrogen cycling, shellfish productivity and their interactions. These dynamics are a pressing national problem for coastal zone managers, land owners and water managers.
Other projects in this year's CNH awards include studies of:
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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