NSF Awards 10 Grants for Studies of Coupled Natural and Human Systems
Future of coastal barrier islands; tree growth in changing agricultural areas; urban vulnerability to climate change among research projects
To better understand the interactions between humans and their environment, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Forest Service have awarded 10 grants to scientists, engineers and educators across the country to study coupled natural and human systems.
Research conducted through NSF's Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems (CNH) Program, in its second year as a multi-directorate NSF program, will provide a better understanding of natural processes and cycles, human behavior and decisions and how they interact.
The CNH program is supported by NSF's directorates for biological sciences, geosciences and social, behavioral amd economic sciences.
This year's awards will address topics including the uncertain future of coastal barrier islands, urban areas and their vulnerability to climate change, tree growth and carbon cycling in agricultural areas changing to residential areas, and how best to integrate industrial ecology and ecological engineering.
"Several of these awards will investigate how climate change will impact human and natural systems, and how these coupled systems may respond adaptively," said James Collins, NSF assistant director for biological sciences. "The awards highlight the relevance and interdisciplinary nature of the CNH program in NSF's portfolio of investments in climate change research."
"The CNH program has been successful in building new bridges connecting several of NSF's directorates, including the geosciences directorate," said Timothy Killeen, NSF assistant director for geosciences. "Pioneering work in this program is leading to a better understanding of the relationship between humankind and the complex environmental and biological systems that support life. Such studies will become more important as awareness grows of the finite limitations of our planet's resources, and of the extent of human interactions and interventions with the earth system."
"Studying coupled human and natural environmental systems shows new, complex patterns that the natural and human sciences don't reveal when they function separately," said David Lightfoot, NSF assistant director for social, behavioral and economic sciences. "Research on environmental change, in terms of human causes and consequences, is a new kind of complexity science that has yielded interesting interactions."
This year's grantees will study:
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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