News From the Field
Shade Trees Can Protect Coffee Crops
September 29, 2008
The use of shade trees in coffee plantations is declining, but evidence suggests the trend may make the crop more susceptible to extremes of temperature and precipitation that are likely to become more frequent with climate change. The traditional technique is more effective in marginal production areas, but further studies are needed to determine where it could be advantageous.
American Institute of Biological Sciences
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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