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News From the Field

Unlikely Life Thriving at Antarctica's Blood Falls

April 17, 2009

cross-section of Blood Falls illustration Hidden under an inland Antarctic glacier in a cold, dark, oxygen-poor environment, microbial life thrives. Given the extreme conditions and lack of light, researchers predicted that a process other than photosynthesis supported the tiny organisms. The blood-red stain at the snout of the glacier served as a clue that has led researchers to believe that the microbes have adapted over the past 1.5 million years to manipulate sulfur and iron compounds to survive. Full Story

Arizona State University

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The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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