News From the Field
Volcanoes Played Pivotal Role in Ancient Ice Age, Mass Extinction
October 21, 2009
Researchers have discovered the pivotal role that volcanoes played in a deadly ice age 450 million years ago. Perhaps ironically, these volcanoes first caused global warming by releasing massive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. When they stopped erupting, the Earth's climate was thrown off balance, and the ice age began.
Ohio State University
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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