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News From the Field
How Can Policymakers Cope With Ambiguity?

February 24, 2010

people and society graphic How might policymakers make reasonable decisions when they have limited information? In the case of vaccination policy, Northwestern University economist Charles Manski says that policymakers may only partially know how effective vaccination will be in generating an immune response. Secondly, the policymaker may only partially know how effective vaccination will be in preventing transmission of the disease to the general public.  Full Story

Northwestern University

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2015, its budget is $7.3 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 48,000 competitive proposals for funding, and makes about 11,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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