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News From the Field

Paddlefish's Doubled Genome Calls Into Question Theories on Limb Evolution

August 7, 2012

a juvenile paddlefish The American paddlefish--known for its bizarre, protruding snout and eggs harvested for caviar--duplicated its entire genome about 42 million years ago. This finding may impact the way scientists study how fins evolved into limbs since the paddlefish is often used as a proxy for a more representative ancestor shared by humans and fishes. Full Story

San Francisco State University

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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