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Discovering One Reason Why Swarming Evolved Offers Tantalizing Clues on How Intelligence Developed

June 5, 2013

picture of a single swarm Many animals--from locusts to fish--live in groups and swarm, but scientists aren't sure why or how this behavior evolved. Now, a multidisciplinary team of Michigan State University scientists has used a model system to show for the first time, that predator confusion can make prey evolve swarming behavior. Full Story

Michigan State University

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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