Nanotechnologies—materials and devices that engineers custom-design at
the nanometer (one billionth of a meter) scale—give us high-performance products
and methods to measure, control and manipulate matter at the molecular level.
By doing so, engineers can create materials with exceptional purity and efficient
structure, as well as design devices with fundamentally new properties and functions.
The systematic control of matter at the nanoscale may
yield revolutionary technologies for nearly every field of human
endeavor, from electronics, medicine and aeronautics to the environment,
manufacturing and security.
NSF plays a critical role in our nation's efforts to advance nanoscale science
and engineering. NSF launched the National Nanotechnology
Initiative and provides the largest contribution to this interagency
effort, with primary responsibility for investments in fundamental
research, education and research infrastructure.
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