The mission of the Division of Chemistry in NSF's Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences is to support innovative research in chemical sciences, integrated with education, through strategic investment in developing a globally engaged U.S. chemistry workforce reflecting the diversity of America.
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have engineered a new synthetic biopathway that can more efficiently and cost-effectively turn agricultural waste, like corn stover and orange peels, into a variety of useful products ranging from spandex to chicken feed.
Much of the globe's human population depends on irrigation-supported agriculture, which in turn requires power to move water from place to place. But water has dwindled--in some places significantly. Changing land-use practices, increased urbanization, population growth and climate variability create stresses on water, energy and agricultural resources. Addressing these issues requires novel ways of understanding the complexity of food production, energy requirements, and water availability and distribution.
March 14, 2016
SupraSensor could be super tool for precision agriculture
Fundamental chemistry research leads to a new sensor that gives farmers a more accurate read on fertilizer needs, avoiding waste
Preserving the environment and developing agricultural products that do not harm unintended targets are top priorities for many scientists and farmers, as well as environmentalists. Itís a new era of crop management known as precision agriculture. It maximizes productivity while minimizing energy use and environmental impacts.
One of the major challenges being addressed by precision agriculture is over-fertilization. About 30 percent of nitrate fertilizer applied to U.S. crops simply washes away. This wastes the fertilizer and the energy used to make it, in addition to posing possible harm to the environment.
Support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) has led to the development by start-up SupraSensor Technologies of a novel sensor to detect nitrate fertilizer in soil. The SupraSensor device is designed to give farmers a highly accurate, virtually constant stream of data on nitrate levels. The device is an excellent example of highly applied science with roots in basic research -- in this case supramolecular chemistry at the University of Oregon.
Supramolecular chemistry is a simple idea of how two or more molecules might interact or bind with one another without forming strong irreversible interactions. A supramolecular interaction is key to how the SupraSensor nitrogen sensor works. The research team has also since developed electronics to store data, wireless capability, even a smart phone app.
The research in this episode was supported by NSF awards #0718242, Phenyl-Acetylene Scaffolding: Experimental, Theoretical, and Materials Studies of New Molecular Systems; #0545206, CAREER: Supramolecular Main Group Coordination Chemistry. CAREER is NSF's Faculty Early Career Development Program; #1248984, SBIR Phase I: Development and Commercialization of Nitrate-Selective Sensors for Precision Agriculture and #1430932, SBIR Phase II: Development and Commercialization of Nitrate-Selective Sensors for Precision Agriculture. Also related is award #1237240, Innovation Corps (I-Corps): Commercialization of new anion-sensing materials.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations presented in this material are only those of the presenter grantee/researcher, author, or agency employee; and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.