Photo of Tubeworms

Tubeworms grow near the boundary where the hot vent fluid mixes with the cold seawater. These strange creatures can grow over 2.4 meters (8 feet tall). Tubeworms lack a mouth or stomach and instead have billions of symbiotic bacteria living in their red plumes. The tubeworm helps collect chemicals that the bacteria need from the water, and the bacteria convert it into sugars that the tubeworm can use for energy.

Credit: Nicolle Rager Fuller, National Science Foundation