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National Science Foundation

Collaboration and Competition: What Can Governments Do?,
Text Slide 4 of 10

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Slide Title: R&D Expenditures selected regions and countries
1990-2003 (billions of dollars)

Slide Words: Rising R&D expenditures

Slide Image: A graph plotting R&D expenditures of the United States, EU-25, Japan and China between 1990 and 2003
Left, vertical axis represents dollars in billions
Bottom, horizontal axis represents years from 1990 to 2003
The United States went from 150 billion in 1990 to around 280 billion in 2003
EU-25 went from around 120 billion in 1990 to around 210 billion in 2003
Japan went from around 70 billion in 1990 to around 110 billion in 2003
China went from around 10 billion in 1991 to around 80 billion in 2003

Source: National Science Board, Science and Engineering Indicators 2006

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