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How has the U.S. S&E job market grown over the years?

S&E = science and engineering. S&E occupations are those in biological/agricultural/environmental life sciences, physical sciences, computer sciences, mathematics/statistics, engineering, psychology, and social sciences. Physical sciences = chemistry, physics, astronomy, and earth/ ocean/atmospheric sciences.

The S&E workforce has shown sustained growth for more than half a century.

Key Observations

  • The number of workers in S&E occupations grew from about 1.1 million in 1960 to about 5.8 million in 2011. This represents an average annual rate of 3.3%, greater than the 1.5% growth rate for the total workforce.
  • As a proportion of all employment, S&E occupational employment grew from 1.6% in 1960 to 4.1% in 2011.
  • During and after the 2007–09 recession, employment in S&E or S&E related jobs was generally more resilient than was overall employment.
STEM Education Data and Trends 2014
The National Science Board
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