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Broadening Participation Reports and Analyses

Report Cover SUPPORTING FACULTY DURING & AFTER COVID-19 (2020)

This report from the National Alliance for Inclusive & Diverse STEM Faculty shares ways educational institutions are coping during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 
 
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NSF INCLUDES: SPECIAL REPORT TO THE NATION II: BUILDING CONNECTIONS (2020)

This report highlights the progress of NSF's collective efforts to achieve more diversity in STEM. The report showcases the important work of NSF INCLUDES grantees; the lessons learned on building connections; and the corporate and federal partnerships that are empowering the national movement to broaden participation in STEM.
 
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PROMISING PRACTICES FOR ADDRESSING THE UNDERREPRESENTION OF WOMEN IN SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE (2020)

This report reviews the current state of knowledge of factors that drive underrepresentation of women in STEMM and provides an overview of existing research on policies, practices, programs, and interventions for improving recruitment, retention, and advancement of women in these fields.
 
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WOMEN, MINORITIES, AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DIGEST (2019)

This report provides statistical information about the participation of these three groups in science and engineering education and employment. Its primary purpose is to serve as a statistical abstract with no endorsement of or recommendations about policies or programs. National Science Foundation reporting on this topic is mandated by the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (Public Law 96-516). This digest highlights key statistics drawn from a variety of data sources. Data and figures in this digest are organized into the following topical areas: enrollment, field of degree, employment status, and occupation, including academic careers.
 
Report CoverCEOSE BIENNIAL REPORT TO CONGRESS 2017-2018: INVESTING IN DIVERSE COMMUNITY VOICES (2019)

The Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineering (CEOSE) has published several reports to Congress, which focus on broadening participation in STEM. Their latest report advises NSF to give increased attention to including diverse community voices across its research and education portfolios through community-driven projects. They suggest NSF fund research that focuses on building inclusive community-engaged STEM communities to promote STEM participation on the ground and at all ages, as well as reap the scientific benefit of the insights of people from diverse settings, neighborhoods, and circumstances in the innovation cycle. The committee believes providing these new inclusive, community-based or community focused opportunities will help the nation increase its use of diverse communities to help improve the health and education of our Nation's communities; decrease poverty; increase the number and percentage of historically underrepresented groups in STEM; and bring new approaches to the strategic goals of scientific discovery and learning.
 
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THE SCIENCE OF EFFECTIVE MENTORSHIP IN STEMM (2019)

What are common definitions and differentiations among the various models of mentoring in STEMM? What are the most successful elements of effective mentoring relationships in STEMM education at the various stages of career development? How can and should mentees and mentors be trained to be more effective in the mentor-mentee relationship? The Board on Higher Education and Workforce (BHEW) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine formed the Committee on the Science of Effective Mentoring in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine (STEMM) to find answers to these questions. This report provides consensus definitions, examines assessment and evaluation of mentorship processes and programs, and gauges the level of evidence for various forms of mentorship. The result is a robust set of recommendations for multiple stakeholders to better support the talent development of all individuals in STEMM at the level of training programs, departments, faculty, and funding agencies.
 
Report CoverNSF INCLUDES REPORT TO THE NATION (2018)

NSF INCLUDES (Inclusion across the Nation of Communities of Learners of Underrepresented Discoverers in Engineering and Science) is a comprehensive national initiative designed to enhance U.S. leadership in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) discoveries and innovations by focusing on diversity, inclusion and broadening participation in these fields at scale. The vision of NSF INCLUDES is to catalyze the STEM enterprise to collaboratively work for inclusive change, which will result in a STEM workforce that reflects the diversity of the Nation. This report explores the initial program statistics for the NSF INCLUDES design.
 
Report CoverSEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN: CLIMATE, CULTURE, AND CONSEQUENCES IN ACADEMIC SCIENCES, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE (2018)

Over the last few decades, research, activity, and funding has been devoted to improving the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women in the fields of science, engineering, and medicine. In recent years the diversity of those participating in these fields, particularly the participation of women, has improved and there are significantly more women entering careers and studying science, engineering, and medicine than ever before. However, as women increasingly enter these fields they face biases and barriers and it is not surprising that sexual harassment is one of these barriers.
 
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GRADUATE STEM EDUCATION FOR THE 21ST CENTURY (2018)

This report calls for a systems approach to moving graduate STEM education forward. The report recommends action steps for stakeholders in the system to help achieve a graduate STEM education ideal. A central element of the strategy laid out here is to make the system more student focused while maintaining the central attributes that have made it the gold standard for the world.
 
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CEOSE BIENNIAL REPORT TO CONGRESS 2017-2018: ACCOUNTABILITY FOR BROADENING PARTICIPATION IN STEM (2017)

This report from the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineering (CEOSE) recommends to NSF the development of an accountability framework for assessing the full development of a bold new initiative to broaden participation in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). The committee wants to ensure that investigators, higher education institutions, and NSF do what they propose to accomplish regarding broadening participation and that the strategies employed are proven and effective.
 
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SHARED ACCOUNTABILITY AND HIGHER EDUCATION: ACCOUNTABILITY FOR BROADENING PARTICIPATION IN STEM (2017)


This report was inspired by the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineering (CEOSE)'s recommendation to NSF for a bold new initiative, focused on broadening participation of underrepresented groups in STEM. Fifty STEM professionals joined in a field-based workshop and a follow-up meeting supported by NSF on developing an accountability system for broadening participation. This brochure is based on these two 2017 meeting-based reports.
 
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REDUCING THE IMPACT OF BIAS IN THE STEM WORKFORCE (2016)
 
The goal of mitigating bias is embedded in NSF's mission of advancing the progress of science while benefitting the health, prosperity, welfare and security of the Nation as well as in its current strategic plan for 2014-2018. Realizing the full potential of a diverse federal STEM workforce with that of a diverse scientific community is necessary to maintain US leadership in science and engineering discovery and innovation. The Foundation is committed to investing resources in the preparation and participation of its workforce while also ensuring that the contributions of individuals from traditionally underrepresented groups are recognized and contribute to its organizational and scientific excellence. The Foundation has named inclusiveness as one of its core values and affords opportunities for learning about diversity and inclusion to everyone. Reducing the impact of bias (implicit and explicit) is vital to maximizing NSF's performance.
 
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PATHWAYS TO BROADENING PARTICIPATION (2014)

The 2011-2012 CEOSE (Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineering) report requested that NSF launch a bold new initiative for broadening participation (BP) with the goal of eventually having the participation of NSF-supported scientists and engineers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) fields mirror the population of the Nation. The NSF BP Working Group examined CEOSE’s request and developed an array of options to augment the Foundation’s on-going efforts in broadening participation in STEM.
 
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CEOSE BIENNIAL REPORT TO CONGRESS 2013-2014: BROADENING PARTICIPATION IN STEM (2015)

This report from the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineering (CEOSE) offers five essential practical components needed to implement a bold new initiative focusing on broadening participation in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM). This report further expands its suggestion from its 2011-2012 Biennial Report to Congress.
 
Report CoverCAREER CHOICES OF FEMALE ENGINEERS (2014)

Despite decades of government, university, and employer efforts to close the gender gap in engineering, women make up a low percentage of practicing engineers in the United States. This report shares findings from a National Academies of Sciences report on this topic.
 
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CEOSE BIENNIAL REPORT TO CONGRESS 2011-2012: BROADENING PARTICIATION IN AMERICA'S STEM WORKFORCE (2013)

This report from the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineering (CEOSE) recommends NSF implement a bold new initiative, focused on broadening participation of underrepresented groups in STEM, similar in concept and scale to NSF's centers, that emphasizes institutional transformation and system change; collects and makes accessible longitudinal data; defines clear benchmarks for success; supports the translation, replication and expansion of successful broadening participation efforts; and provides significant financial support to individuals who represent the very broadened participation that we seek.
 
 
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SEEKING SOLUTIONS: MAXIMIZING AMERICAN TALENT BY ADVANCING WOMEN IN COLOR IN ACADEMIA (2013)

There has been increasing worldwide recognition that discrimination based on race or gender in any endeavor limits the pool of talent for that endeavor. This recognition has led to a corresponding increase in attention throughout the globe of the need to more fully incorporate women and people of color into all endeavors. This report aims to elucidate institutions and the individuals working in them to take action by creating institutional cultures hospitable to people of every gender, race, and ethnicity.
 
Report CoverFROM SCIENCE TO BUSINESS: PREPARING FEMALE SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS FOR SUCCESSFUL TRANSITIONS INTO ENTREPRENEURSHIP (2012)

Scientists, engineers, and medical professionals play a vital role in building the 21st century science and technology enterprises that will create solutions and jobs critical to solving the large, complex, and interdisciplinary problems faced by society - problems in energy, sustainability, the environment, water, food, disease, and healthcare. As a growing percentage of the scientific and technological workforce, women need to participate fully not just in finding solutions to technical problems, but also in building the organizations responsible for the job creation that will bring these solutions to market and to bear on pressing issues. To accomplish this, it is important that more women in science and engineering become entrepreneurs in order to start new companies; create business units inside established organizations, mature companies, and the government; and/or function as social entrepreneurs focused on societal issues. This report shares findings from a National Acemedies wokshop on this topic.
 
Report CoverBLUEPRINT FOR THE FUTURE: FRAMING THE ISSUES OF WOMEN IN SCIENCE IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT (2012)

The scientific work of women is often viewed through a national or regional lens, but given the growing worldwide connectivity of most, if not all, scientific disciplines, there needs to be recognition of how different social, political, and economic mechanisms impact women's participation in the global scientific enterprise. Although these complex sociocultural factors often operate in different ways in various countries and regions, studies within and across nations consistently show inverse correlations between levels in the scientific and technical career hierarchy and the number of women in science: the higher the positions, the fewer the number of women. This report shares findings from a the National Academies of Sciences 2011 workshop "Blueprint for the Future: Framing the Issues of Women in Science in a Global Context."
 
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MEASURING DIVERSITY: AN EVALUATION GUIDE FOR STEM GRADUATE PROGRAM LEADERS (2010)


This guide, issued by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in partnership with NSF, provides advice to vice presidents, provosts, deans, other administrators, and faculty about the evaluation of science, engineering, technology and mathematics (STEM) diversity programs at the graduate school level. Underrepresentation of racial/ethnic groups has serious implications for the nation's ability to compete in a global economy driven by innovations in science and technology. The report stresses that STEM diversity graduate school programs are intended to increase the number of underrepresented minority (URM) students who pursue and receive master's and/or Ph.D. degrees. Leadership and the use of data are important components of institutional change.
 
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FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING IMPACTS OF BROADENING PARTICIPATION PROJECTS (2009)


This report grew out of a workshop and follow-up session sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR). The two-day workshop and subsequent meeting sought to develop and validate evaluation practices to assess the value of NSF’s investment in broadening participation across all directorates and programs. Invited participants included NSF grantees, professional evaluators, and the policy community (which included representatives from Congress, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NSF staff, and staff from other federal agencies). The workshop resulted in providing information for program monitoring and program evaluation as well as advice for data gathering from NSF awardees.

 
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A FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION (2008)

The Broadening Participation Working Group (BPWG) was established in April 2007 to develop plans to increase the participation of underrepresented groups in NSF programs and to broaden the pool of reviewers for NSF proposals. The working group had representatives from all of the NSF research directorates, along with the Offices of Cyberinfrastructure; Polar Programs; Integrative Activities; International Science and Engineering; General Counsel; and the Office of Budget, Finance and Award Oversight. The working group co-chairs were Celeste Rohlfing and Victor Santiago. As part of their charter, the BPWG developed a report which addresses strategies for diversifying the reviewer pool, training NSF staff and reviewers on broadening participation, enhancing accountability, communicating guidance and promising practices on broadening participation, and maintaining a portfolio of relevant programs.
 
Report CoverBEYOND BIAS AND BARRIERS: FUFILLING THE POTENTIAL OF WOMEN IN ACADEMIC SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (2007)

The National Academies, under the oversight of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, created the Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering to develop specific recommendations on how to make the fullest possible use of a large source of our nation's talent: women in academic science and engineering. This report presents the consensus views and judgment of the committee members.
 
Report CoverTO RECRUIT AND ADVANCE: WOMEN STUDENTS AND FACULTY IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (2006)

This guide addresses three issues - recruitment, retention, and advancement - for three populations of women: students, faculty, and administrators in science and engineering. The intended audience includes anyone interested in improving the position of women in these three areas. Most of the individuals with a stake in progress on this front are toiling inside university walls, but external groups, such as federal agencies or professional societies, will also find this discussion of interest.


Inquiries

For further information concerning NSF's Broadening Participation programs, please contact:

Dr. Suzanne Iacono
National Science Foundation
Phone: 703-292-8040
E-mail: broadpart@nsf.gov

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