Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)

 

EPSCoR Highlights

 
EPSCoR Highlights Slide 2

Scientists discover new 'architecture' in corn

New research on the U.S.'s most economically important agricultural plant -- corn -- has revealed a different internal structure of the plant than previously thought, which can help optimize how corn is converted into ethanol.

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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 3

Underwater GPS changes the map

In Guam, researchers developed a method for mapping underwater areas that is transforming how oceanographers observe the seafloor.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 4

Nursery stock, homeowner preferences drive tree diversity in Salt Lake Valley

What factors shape the formation of a new urban forest? Researchers' survey of tree species diversity in the Salt Lake Valley found that diversity can be shaped by the species available in nurseries, the preferences of the homeowners, and even the tree selections of their neighbors.

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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 5

Study reveals significant role of dust in mountain ecosystems

 

University of Wyoming researchers led a study that found foreign dust likely fertilizes plants in many locations worldwide.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 6

Researchers discover new lead-free perovskite material for solar cells

Perovskite solar cells are a promising new low-cost photovoltaic technology, but most contain toxic lead. A team led by Brown University researchers has introduced solar cells with a new titanium-perovskite material that gets the lead out.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 7

Baby fish exercising, a surprising source of adaptive variation in fish jaws

A frustration of evolutionary biologists, says Craig Albertson at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, is that genetics can account for only a small percent of variation in physical traits. He reports new results on how another factor, a behavior in early cichlid fish larvae's developmental environment, influences later variation in their craniofacial bones.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 8

Boring barnacles prefer the shallow life on coral reefs

Scientists at Rice University, the University of the Virgin Islands and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration combine efforts to quantify how barnacles infest stony coral over a variety of conditions and reduce calcium carbonate on reefs. Coral reefs harbor diverse marine life and help prevent coastal erosion.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 9

Brain research reveals a circuit for cocaine relapse

Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have identified which neurons are responsible for cocaine-seeking behaviors in rodents and where these neurons exert their effects within the brain. Their findings were published in March 13, 2019, issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. This work opens a new line of addiction research that could lead to novel therapeutic approaches for preventing relapse.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 10

New method makes weather forecasts right as rain

Meteorologists have known for some time that rainfall forecasts have flaws, as failure to take into account factors such as evaporation can affect their accuracy. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have developed a system that improves the precision of forecasts by accounting for evaporation in rainfall estimates, particularly for locations 30 miles or more from the nearest National Weather Service radar.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 11

Much of East Antarctica remained frozen during past 8 million years

A sizeable contributor to sea level rise, the East Antarctic Ice Sheet's past response to a warming climate has remained controversial. Counting atoms to analyze sediment samples from the bottom of the Southern Ocean, a team of researchers has found the land-based parts of the ice sheet withstood warm atmospheric conditions during the Pliocene epoch, when greenhouse gas levels rivaled today's. The findings suggest greenhouse gas limits may prevent most extreme sea level rise scenarios.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 12

Automated detection of focal epileptic seizures in a sentinel area of the human brain

n a first-in-humans pilot study, researchers have identified a sentinel area of the brain that may give an early warning before clinical seizure manifestations from focal epilepsy appear. They have also validated an algorithm that can automatically detect that early warning. These two findings offer the possibility of squelching a focal epilepsy seizure -- before the patient feels any symptoms -- through neurostimulation of the sentinel area of the brain.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 13

Intermountain West plant’s response to the 2017 solar eclipse

The total solar eclipse of August 2017 offered scientists the chance to study a variety of celestial and earthly phenomena, from learning more about the Sun's corona to the behavior of animals and plants.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 14

Students monitor local pollution

A University of Maine stormwater management program provides training opportunities for students and cost savings for municipalities.
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EPSCoR Highlights Slide 15

Study Reveals Surprising Amount of Gene Flow Among Butterfly Species

A new study in Science provides evidence that the process of sharing DNA may be far more common than thought, offering a potential clue to how biodiversity unfolded.
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