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Environmental Science And Engineering For The 21st Century: The Role of the National Science Foundation [NSB 00-22, February 2000]

Title Page

National Science Board




1     Introduction

2    The Larger Context

3    Scope of
NSF's Current

4    Input Received About Unmet Needs and Opportunities

5    Findings and

6    Conclusion


Appendix A

Appendix B


Appendix D

Appendix E

Appendix F

Appendix G

Final Page

Appendix C.

The Board actively solicited public comments about wide-ranging environmental concerns through a variety of outreach efforts, including public hearings, invitations to organizations with environmental interests and to NSF advisory committees, and a web site. Over 162 written comments were received by e-mail, fax, and regular mail; some individuals submitted more than one set of comments. The name and affiliation of senior authors are listed below. Comments submitted by individuals did not necessarily represent organizational positions. However, if an organization's position was represented by an individual's comments, this is indicated by an asterisk (*) next to the organization's name. Note that some individuals provided multiple affiliations.


Organizational Affiliation

Abedon, David University of Rhode Island, Community Planning Department
Alessio, Julie Affiliation Unknown
Allenby, Braden R. AT&T, Environment, Health and Safety
Applegate, David *American Geological Institute, Government Affairs
Bales, Roger University of Arizona-Tucson, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources
Banks, Darryl CH2M Hill
Barber, Mary *Ecological Society of America
Barker, Alex Dallas Museum of Natural History, Division of Collections and Research
Barlaz, Mort North Carolina State University, Department of Civil Engineering
Bartlett, Richard C. Committee for the National Institute for the Environment Mary Kay Inc.
Nature Conservancy of Texas
National Environmental Education and Training Foundation
Bencala, Ken U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division Research
Benedick, Richard Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory
Benoit, Gaboury Yale University, Environmental Studies, Greeley Laboratory
Bernabo, Chris *RAND, Environmental Science and Policy Center
Bierbaum, Rosina *White House, Office of Science and Technology Policy
Blockstein, David E. *American Ornithologists' Union
Committee for the National Institute for the Environment
Ornithological Council
Boersma, P. Dee University of Washington, Department of Zoology
Society for Conservation Biology
Boyle, Ed Affiliation Unknown
Brakke, David F. Towson University, College of Science and Mathematics
Braverman, Hy Affiliation Unknown
Breit, Luke *California Democratic Party, Environmental Caucus
Brigham, L.W. University of Cambridge (UK), Scott Polar Research Institute
Broadbent, Jeffrey Affiliation Unknown
Brody, Michael U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Strategic Planning
Carpenter, Steven University of Wisconsin-Madison, Limnology and Geology
Chichilnisky, Graciela Columbia University, Program on Information and Resources
Chuang, Liu-hsiung U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Clark, William Harvard University
Cochran, Patricia *Alaska Native Science Commission
Cook, Richard Allegheny College
Courtney, Mark National Science Foundation, Division of Environmental Biology
Crovello, Ted University of California-Los Angeles
Crumley, Carole University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
Dabbert, Walter National Center for Atmospheric Research
Devitt, Mary-Ellen *SAES/USDA-CSREES National Environmental Initiative
Douglas, James L. National Science Foundation, Division of Earth Sciences
Drake, T. North Carolina State University
Durett, Dan DANhIKO International
Eisenberger, Peter Columbia University, Columbia Earth Institute
Elgar, Steve Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Ellman, George Affiliation Unknown
Entekhabi, Dara Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fawley, Marvin North Dakota State University, Department of Botany
Fein, Jeremy Affiliation Unknown
Field, Christopher The Carnegie Institution of Washington
Filippone, Ella Passaic River Coalition
Fiscus, Dan University of Maryland, Center for Environmental Science
Flint, Warren Five E's Unlimited
Folger, Peter American Geophysical Union
Friedrich, Otto Affiliation Unknown
Frost, Tom National Science Foundation, Division of Environmental Biology
Gallagher, E. Naval Postgraduate School
Gautier, Catherine University of California-Santa Barbara
Getzinger, Richard *American Association for the Advancement of Science, Directorate for International Programs
Gibb, James G. Affiliation Unknown
Glasener, Karl M. *American Society of Agronomy
*Crop Science Society of America
*Soil Science Society of America
Groat, Charles U.S. Geological Survey
Guza, R. Scripps Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Haas, Charles N. Drexel University, Environmental Engineering
Haas, Peter M. University of Massachusetts, Department of Political Science
Harris, W. Franklin *National Science Foundation Biosciences Advisory Committee
University of Tennessee, Division of Biology
Hartwell, Penny Affiliation Unknown
Harvey, Francis University of Kentucky, Department of Geography
Hasbrouck, Bruce National Association of Environmental Professionals
Hay, A. Dalhousie University
Hayden, Bruce National Science Foundation, Division of Environmental Biology
Heal, Geoffrey Columbia University
Heil, Kathleen Chesapeake Biological Lab
Hirsch, Robert U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division
Hoagland, K. Elaine *Council on Undergraduate Research
Hollander, Rachelle National Science Foundation, Division of Social and Economic Sciences
Hood, Laura Defenders of Wildlife
Huberty, Brian U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Hyps, Brian *American Society of Plant Physiologists
Ignatenko, "Alescam" L. Kamchatka, Russia
Jensen, Deborah The Nature Conservancy
Kanivetsky, Roman University of Minnesota, Minnesota Geological Survey
Kauffman, Terry Lancaster, PA, Board of County Commissioners
Kaufman, Les Boston University, Department of Biology
Kirby, J. University of Delaware
Kirk, Elizabeth J. *American Association for the Advancement of Science, Directorate for International Programs
Kutz, Frederick W. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Science Center
Lashutka, Greg City of Columbus, OH, Office of the Mayor
Levin, Simon Princeton University
Lippmann, T. Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Liverman, Diana University of Arizona
Maconochie, Rosemary *New England Board of Higher Education
Malone, Thomas Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering
Sigma Xi
Manheim, Frank T. U.S. Geological Survey
Coastal & Marine Geology Center, Woods Hole, MA
Mann, Curt Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges
Mathews-Amos, Amy *Marine Conservation Biology Institute
Matson, Pamela Stanford University
McClintock, James University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
McCreedy, Cliff Oceanwatch
McGillivary, Phillip U.S. Coast Guard Icebreakers
McHenry, John North Carolina Supercomputing Center
Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry of the American Meteorological Society
McKee, Art Oregon State University, Department of Forest Science
Melillo, Jerry The Ecosystems Center, Woods Hole, MA
Moberly, Heather Pennsylvania State University
Moffett, James Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Mooney, Harold Stanford University, Department of Biological Sciences
Moore, Berrien University of New Hampshire, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space
Moran, Emilio F. *American Anthropological Association Task Force on the Environment
Morel, Francois Princeton University
Morin, Nancy *American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta
*Flora of North America Project
Newman, Arnold International Society for the Preservation of the Tropical Rainforest
Norse, Elliott A. *Marine Conservation Biology Institute
O'Grady, Richard *American Institute of Biological Sciences
Oberle, Mark Affiliation Unknown
Orians, Gordon University of Washington, Department of Zoology
National Research Council, Board of Environmental Studies and Toxicology
Orme, Thomas Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
Orr, Wilson Prescott College
Ostfeld, Richard Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY
Overbey, Mary Margaret American Anthropological Association
Paradise, T. University of Hawaii at Hilo, Geography & Environmental Sciences
Parker, Thornton Affiliation Unknown
Patz, Jonathan Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences
Pfirman, Stephanie Columbia University, Barnard College, Environmental Science Department
Portney, Paul Resources For The Future
Powers, Julian Affiliation Unknown
Press, Daniel University of California-Santa Cruz, Environmental Studies Department
Preuss, Peter U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Research and Quality Assurance
Raney, Jay University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology
Raubenheimer, B. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Reichman, O. James National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis
Reinhart, Debra Affiliation Unknown
Rejeski, David White House Council on Environmental Quality
Resetar, Susan RAND, Environmental Science and Policy Center
Rickson, Fred Oregon State University, Department of Botany
Ritter, Don National Environmental Policy Institute
Rittman, Bruce Northwestern University
Rupp, Lawrence D. Affiliation Unknown
Satterfield, Theresa Decision Research, Inc.
Saundry, Peter Committee for the National Institute for the Environment
Scalet, Charles G. *National Association of University Fisheries and Wildlife Programs
Schimel, David National Center for Atmospheric Research, Climate and Global Dynamics Division
Seaman, Nelson L. Pennsylvania State University, Department of Meteorology
Sedell, James U.S. Forest Service
Sherman, Lou * American Society of Plant Physiologists
Shmagin, Boris University of Minnesota, Department of Geology
Skiles, Jim Affiliation Unknown
Somerville, Christopher The Carnegie Institution of Washington
Soule, Michael University of California
The Society for Conservation Biology
The Wildlands Project
Soulen, Richard T&MS, Inc.
Stevenson, William B. Boston College, Organization Studies Department
Stone, John V. Affiliation Unknown
Strauss, Steven H. Oregon State University, Department of Forest Science
Sullivan, Kathryn *Center of Science and Industry, Columbus, OH
Taylor, Dorceta E. University of Michigan
Tenney, J.L. Arizona Resource Advisory Council
Thompson, Marilyn Smithsonian Institution
Thornton, E. Naval Postgraduate School
Tian, Lei University of Illinois, Agricultural Engineering Department
Todd, Barbara Sheen Pinellas, FL, County Board of Supervisors
Turner, Bill Clark University
Unsworth, Mike Oregon State University, Center for Analysis of Environmental Change
Weinman, James NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center
Wilson, Thomas Affiliation Unknown
Wright, Beverly Xavier University, Deep South Center for Environmental Justice
Yates, Terry University of New Mexico, Department of Biology
Zimmer, Judy Environmental News Network
Zoback, Mary Lou U.S. Geological Survey

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