Scientific understanding of the environment, together with an informed, scientifically literate
citizenry, are requisite to improved quality of life for generations to come. As the interdependencies
of fundamental and applied environmental research become more evident, NSF
should capitalize on the momentum gained in its past support for premium scholarship and
emerging new research areas and technologies. The time is ripe to accelerate progress.
This report provides guidance at the policy level for NSF. The 2 overarching and 10 topical
recommendations frame a timely agenda for the Foundation's research, education, and
scientific assessment activities. Fleshing out the specific new agendas will require intense
effort by NSF staff, close coordination and communication with sister agencies and the
Office of Science and Technology Policy, and vigorous participation by the scientific community.
The Board eagerly awaits the construction of this new portfolio.