APPENDIX 7: CROSSWALK OF NSF GOALS
All NSF programs are classified according to the outcome goal on which
they are primarily focused. However, is should be noted that there is
considerable synergy among the goals. For example, a grant supporting
materials research at a university may focus on producing new knowledge
(Ideas) but also may help train the next generation of scientists and
engineers (People), and provide new research equipment (Tools.) The ability
of NSF-supported projects to simultaneously address multiple outcome goals
increases the effectiveness and productivity of NSFs investments.
PEOPLE A diverse, internationally-competitive and globally
engaged workforce of scientists, engineers, and well-prepared citizens.
Educational System Reform (ESR) ESR programs implement large-scale
reform of science, mathematics, and technology (SMT) education, particularly
at the preK-12 level, across the nation. Systemic reform projects provide
access to high-quality science and mathematics educational resources
for the nations children, and expand professional development opportunities
for the instructional workforce
Rural Systemic Initiatives(RSI) systemic reform program to
promote systemic improvements in math, science and technology education
for students in rural and economically disadvantaged regions of the
Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSI) systemic reform program
to encourage improvements in science, math and engineering education
through comprehensive systemic changes in the education systems of the
Urban Systemic Program (USP) a new program that includes innovative
options calling for K-12 districts to collaborate with (1) two-year
colleges in developing exemplary improvements in technical education
and (2) four-year colleges and universities in improving existing teacher
preparation programs and developing research enrichment opportunities
for K-12 students. Program and site-specific research is encouraged
across projects to increase understanding of the reform process.
Instructional Materials, Teachers & Students
Centers for Teaching and Learning program (CLT) CLTs will
address teacher competencies and will build the SMT educational infrastructure
across diverse areas of specialization and geographic regions. Local
Systemic Change (LSC) projects will continue to couple sustained professional
development with appropriate instructional materials and will build
an infrastructure for future CLTs in all regions of the country.
Instructional Materials Development supports the development
of materials and strategies to promote the improvement of science, math
and technology instruction at all levels so students can acquire sophisticated
content knowledge, higher order thinking abilities and problem solving
Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching
(PAEMST) provides career recognition for outstanding K-12 math
and science teachers.
Teacher Enhancement / Student Development supports professional
development projects to broaden and deepen the content and pedagogical
knowledge of teachers; also promotes teacher and student development
through research experiences.
Teacher Preparation responds to a national need to attract,
develop and retain well-qualified teachers of science and mathematics;
aims to reform PreK-12 teacher education with the intent to strengthen
the content and pedagogical skills needed for delivery of standards-based
science and mathematics education.
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate Program
(HBCU-UP) provides funds to improve the quality of undergraduate
science, mathematics, engineering and technology programs through curricular
reform and enhancement, faculty development, research experiences for
undergraduates, upgrading of scientific instrumentation, and improvement
of research infrastructure. A program goal is to increase the number
of baccalaureate recipients.
Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (LSAMP) a
program to increase the number of minority and other students who successfully
complete baccalaureates in science, math, engineering and technology.
Model Institutions of Excellence (MIE) collaborative support
for several minority institutions that have strong track records for
producing minority students with baccalaureate degrees in science, mathemathics
or engineering disciplines and who go on to graduate school in these
Tribal Colleges Program (TCP) a program for Tribal Colleges
that encourages Native Americans to pursue information technology and
other science and technology fields of study, as well as increases the
capacity of tribal colleges to offer relevant courses and enhance K-12
education in feeder school systems.
Curriculum, Laboratory & Faculty
Advanced Technological Education (ATE) promotes improvements
in science and mathematics curricula and instruction, intended to benefit
students who plan to become technicians in the high-performance workplace
in the near-term. ATE provides opportunities for development of the
workforce for technological positions that do not require full undergraduate
programs of study. New emphases will be on information technology, manufacturing
and teacher development in related areas.
Course, Curriculum & Laboratory Improvement supports adaptation
and implementation of proven curricula and laboratory instructional
models, and development of educational materials.
Distinguished Teaching Scholars recognizes and rewards undergraduate
faculty whose integration of research and education enhances the quality
of the future workforce and the scientific knowledge of the general
Engineering Education Reform promotes systemic reform in undergraduate
engineering education. For example, the program supports development
of innovative curricula in nanotechnology and other areas of emerging
technology. Special attention is given to institutionalizing successful
innovations that have resulted from this program. It also supports smaller
scale projects to integrate advanced technology research into the curriculum.
Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) an NSF-wide program
that provides opportunities for undergraduate students to experience
hands-on participation in research or related scholarly activities in
areas of science, math and engineering.
Scholarships for Service a program that awards scholarships
for the study of information security in return for a commitment to
work for a specified time for the federal government.
Graduate and Professional Development Support
Graduate Research Fellowships (GRF) provide recognition and
three years of support for advanced study to outstanding graduate students
in all fields of science, mathematics, and engineering.
Graduate Research Traineeships (GRT) continuing program that
preceded the IGERT program. This funding is for continuing awards made
under the original program.
Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12) initiated
in FY 1999 to support graduate and advanced undergraduate science, math,
engineering and technology majors as content resources for K-12 teachers.
These Fellows assist teachers in the science and mathematics content
to be used in instruction, demonstrate key science and mathematics concepts,
and connect elementary and secondary learning to the habits and skills
required for collegiate study.
Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT)
an agency-wide program that sponsors the development of innovative,
research-based graduate education and training programs in Ph.D. granting
Minority Graduate Education (MGE) continues awards for increasing
the number of underrepresented minority SME doctorates and their representation
in the professorate.
Research Training Grants (RTGs) grants in the biological sciences
designed to give students research experience with trained researchers.
Funds being redirected to IGERT.
Vertical Integration of Research and Education in the Mathematical
Sciences (VIGRE) a program designed to broaden educational content
and opportunities for students (at the undergraduate level) by the integration
of research and education in the mathematical sciences.
ADVANCE/Professional Opportunities for Women in Research in Education
(POWRE) an NSF-wide effort aimed at increasing the prominence
of women in science and engineering research education. POWRE is being
replaced by a new program called ADVANCE, created to advance professional
opportunities for women.
The Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER)
an NSF-wide activity that supports junior faculty within the
context of their overall career development.
Postdoctoral Fellowships in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and
Technology Education (PFSMETE) encourages Ph.D. graduates
in these fields to attain the skills needed to assume leadership roles
in education reform at all levels. They offer the opportunity and challenge
of complementing disciplinary science and engineering expertise with
skills in education, thus opening new career options to the fellowship
Presidential Faculty Fellows (PFF)/NSF Young Investigators (NYI)/
Presidential Young Investigators (PYI) programs devoted
to increasing the participation and experience of young researchers.
PFF is being re-directed into CAREER. NYI and PYI are currently being
phased out and replaced by CAREER.
Evaluation a continuum of accountability activities such as
monitoring, databases, impact studies, and program evaluations with
an orientation to the measurement, data collection, and reporting requirements
necessary to support the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA).
Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI)
a program that brings university and industry collaborators together
at the conceptual phase of a research and education endeavor.
Informal Science Education (ISE) incorporates projects that provide
opportunities outside a formal school setting where K-12 individuals
of all interests and backgrounds can increase their appreciation and
understanding of science, math, engineering and technology.
Presidential Awards for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering
Mentoring (PAESMEM) administered on behalf of the White House
by the National Science Foundation, this program seeks to identify outstanding
mentoring efforts/programs designed to enhance the participation of
groups underrepresented in science, mathematics and engineering.
Programs for Gender Equity (PGE) supports education and research
activities that foster increased participation of women and girls in
science, mathematics, engineering and technology.
Programs for Persons with Disabilities (PPD) supports efforts
to increase the participation and achievement in SMET education and
research of individuals with disabilities. Emphasis is placed on projects
building and strengthening alliances among higher education, K-12 educational
systems, and business and industry.
H-1B Nonimmigrant Petitioner Account established by Title IV
of the American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998
(P.L. 105-277); requires that a prescribed percentage of funds in the
Account be made available to NSF for the following activities:
Computer Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Scholarships (CSEMS)
merit-based scholarships are to be provided for new or continued
enrollment at institutions of higher education by eligible low-income
individuals pursuing associate, undergraduate, or graduate degrees in
the disciplines specified.
Grants for Mathematics, Engineering, or Science Enrichment Courses
are intended to provide opportunities to students for enrollment in
year-round academic enrichment courses in mathematics, engineering,
Systemic Reform Activities are intended to supplement systemic
reform activities administered under the Educational System Reform (ESR)
IDEAS Discovery at and across the frontier of science and
engineering, and connections to its use in society.
Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST)
aims to increase the number of underrepresented minorities in science,
math, engineering and technology by making substantial resources available
to upgrade the capabilities of the most research-productive minority institutions.
National Consortium for Violence Research supports research on the
causes of violent behavior; encourages young researchers, especially underrepresented
minorities, to enter this field; and disseminates research results to
research and policy communities.
Chemistry Centers includes the Environmental Molecular Sciences
Institutes and the Center for Molecular Sciences, which advance understanding
and control at the level of fundamental molecular science.
Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI 1 an interagency
initiative which promotes research aimed at technologies, such as products
and production methods that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase
the efficiency of energy and materials used in transportation, buildings
and manufacturing, for reducing U.S. carbon emissions at the lowest possible
Partnerships for Advanced Tech in Housing (PATH)1 an
interagency program to develop and promote the adoption of advanced housing
technologies that will reduce energy consumption in building, heating/cooling
and maintenance of the nation's residential housing.
Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP)1 cross-disciplinary
research on improved performance and sustainability of critical infrastructure
systems, i.e. communication, housing, transportation.
Cyber Security for the 21st Century 1 a program
sponsored by the Office of Personnel Management and NSF that will offer
college scholarships to students with concentrations in information security
in exchange for their public service after graduation. This program will
create a new generation of computer security specialists who will work
to defend our nations computer systems and networks.
Earthquake Engineering Research Centers centers that bring together
multi-institutional teams of investigators to provide the knowledge and
technology base for industry and public agencies to build and retrofit
structures and other infrastructure to prevent damage from earthquakes.
These centers take a systems approach, integrate research and education,
and develop partnerships with industry and the public agencies responsible
for earthquake hazard mitigation at the local level.
Engineering Research Centers and Groups (ERCs) university-based
centers that facilitate the development of new knowledge and technology.
These centers share several important characteristics: a unifying long-term,
coordinated approach to complex engineering problems, an emphasis on partnerships
and knowledge transfer linkages with industry, and significant educational
and outreach programs aimed at integrating education and research. The
ERCs link cross-disciplinary teams of investigators across institutional
boundaries to advance fundamental knowledge in nanoscale science and engineering,
develop a wide range of new technologies, and prepare model curricula
to educate new generations for this emerging field.
Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)
established in 1978, EPSCoR participation is limited to states that
have historically received lesser amounts of federal funding for academic
research and development and have demonstrated a commitment to develop
their research bases and to improve the quality of science, mathematics,
and engineering research conducted at their universities and colleges.
Current participants include the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and 19 states
Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine,
Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South
Carolina, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming.
Food Safety1 an interagency initiative to address
food-borne microbial hazards, supported by the Engineering directorate.
Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE)
- an interagency program which brings together K-12 students, teachers,
and scientists from around the world who work together to help us learn
more about the environment. By participating in GLOBE, teachers guide
their students through daily, weekly, and seasonal environmental observations,
such as air temperature and precipitation. Using the Internet, students
send their data to the GLOBE Student Data Archive. Scientists and other
students use this data for their research.
High-Performance Computing, Information and Communications (HPCCIT)1,
2 an NSTC crosscut whose programs invest in long-term R&D
to advance computing, information, and communications in the U.S. This
includes information technology research (ITR) listed under the NSF Information
Next Generation Internet (NGI) 1 the focus is on high
performance connectivity between academic research institutions, contributing
to basic infrastructure for high-end research applications, and taking
a major role in developing the national scalable high-performance network
infrastructure for the U.S. research and education community. NGI is part
of the HPCCIT crosscut.
Human Dimensions of Global Change comprised of two centers supported
by SBE: Indiana University-Bloomington Center focuses on how humans and
institutions affect forest clearance and reforestation; Center at Carnegie
Mellon University employs an integrated, multi-disciplinary, model-based
approach to the analysis of complex global change problems.
Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC) centers
to develop long-term partnerships among industry, academe and government.
They provide a steady stream of enabling technologies critical to advancing
industrial manufacturing processes, information technology support systems,
and new product lines.
Information Technology Centers supports fundamental research
in information technology that incorporates scientific applications or
addresses social, ethical and workforce issues; part of the Information
Technology Research initiative.
Innovation Partnerships The Office of Innovation Partnerships,
initiated in FY 2000 as a result of Congressional action, stimulates the
innovation process and strengthens economic development in diverse research
and education settings, with emphasis on geographic areas that are not
currently participating fully in NSF programs. Academic institutions,
non-profit organizations, and private sector organizations are encouraged
to develop partnership arrangements to build infrastructure and bring
together human resources across institutions and sectors.
Integrated Science for Ecosystems Challenges (ISEC)1
an interagency initiative designed to develop the knowledge base, information
infrastructure and modeling framework to help resource managers predict/assess
environmental and economic impacts of stress on vulnerable terrestrial
and marine ecosystems.
Interagency Education Research Initiative (IERI) initiated in
FY 1999 in partnership with the Department of Education and the National
Institute for Child Health and Human Development to support research efforts
in areas including: school readiness for learning, reading, and mathematics;
K-3 learning in reading and mathematics; and K-12 teacher education in
reading, mathematics, and science. Special emphasis is placed on application
of educational technologies to K-12 education.
Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) promotes investigations
of whole ecosystems and their component organisms and processes at sites
that represent major biomes. The 24 LTER sites include coastal ecosystems;
human-dominated, urban ecosystems; the Arctic tundra of Alaska; the deserts
of New Mexico; the rainforests of Puerto Rico; and the Dry Valleys of
Antarctica. Projects are multidisciplinary and actively encourage collaborative
research with non-ecological investigators.
Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC) formerly
known as Materials Research Laboratories (MRL), support interdisciplinary
and multidisciplinary materials research and education while addressing
fundamental problems in science and engineering that are important to
Mathematical Sciences Research Institutes centers to stimulate
research in the mathematical sciences, bringing together in a programmatically
focused scientific environment, top people in a given research subject,
where new ideas can be developed and exploited.
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS)
located in downtown Santa Barbara, CA, scientists at NCEAS conduct collaborative
research on major fundamental and applied problems in ecology. The goal
is to identify major ecological patterns and understand the processes
that generate them NCEAS provides the atmosphere, facilities, equipment,
and staff to help reach this goal. The National Science Foundation, the
State of California, and the University of California at Santa Barbara
provide funding for NCEAS.
National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis center
that supports research to advance the theory, methods and techniques of
geographic analysis based on geographic information systems (GIS) and
other spatial analysis tools that are integral to large-scale research,
planning and management.
National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) seeks to
advance fundamental engineering and related scientific knowledge to mitigate
the impacts of earthquakes, including support for fundamental research
that leads to more earthquake-resistant buildings and facilities.
Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV)1
a federal program to reduce manufacturing cost and time for all vehicles;
to increase fuel efficiency and reduce vehicle emissions; and to develop
a new class of vehicles with three times the fuel efficiency of todays
autos and comparable performance and cost of ownership. NSF does not maintain
a focused PNGV program, but rather supports PNGV-related efforts through
its disciplinary and other established programs.
Physics Frontiers Centers (formerly Physics Centers) a new program
planned for FY 2001, these centers will provide critical resources and
needed infrastructure to exceptionally promising new areas of physics
such as atom lasers, quantum information science, computational physics,
biological physics, and astrophysics.
Plant Genome Centers portion of the Plant Genome Research initiative
that is devoted to supporting virtual centers (centers without walls)
or collaboratories where coordinated, multi-investigator teams pursue
comprehensive plant genome research programs relevant to economically
important plants and plant processes. Currently active centers range in
size and scope, some with a focus on functional genomics and others with
a focus on developing tools and resources for plant genomics studies for
the scientific community.
Plant Genome Research research that advances our understanding
of the structure, organization and function of plant genomics, and that
accelerates utilization of new knowledge and innovative technologies toward
a more complete understanding of basic biological processes in plants.
This fundamental research has application to agriculture, forestry, energy,
and the environment, as well as the production of plant-based industrial
materials and chemicals.
Research Opportunity Awards (ROA) a component of the Research
at Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) program, ROAs provide opportunities
for faculty at institutions with limited research opportunities to participate
in NSF-funded research at other institutions.
Research at Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) NSF-wide research
program designed to support new multidisciplinary collaborative research
groups at primarily undergraduate institutions. Each group is composed
of faculty members representing at least two disciplinary areas and includes
up to 10 undergraduates.
Science and Technology Centers (STCs) NSF program that serves
as an innovative vehicle for the conduct of world-class research by bringing
together a critical mass of facilities and expertise from academia, national
laboratories and industry, involving multiple partners and bringing key
strengths to the national research enterprise. Classes 1 and 2 are phasing
out; a new third class of STCs will begin in 2000.
Small Business Innovation Research program (SBIR) a federal program
to stimulate small business participation in research across the science
and engineering disciplines, with a goal of creating new technologies,
industries, businesses and jobs. The program also works to promote effective
linkages among small businesses, university experts, and state agencies
to provide technical business expertise in talented entrepreneurs.
Small Business Technology Transfer program (STTR) a federal program
that links entrepreneurs to the academic research community, encouraging
commercialization of government-funded research by the private sector
to promote industrial innovation.
State/Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (State/I/UCRC)
an extension of the I/UCRC model, focusing more actively on state or
regional local economic development; currently being phased out.
U.S. Global Change Research Program1 an interagency
federal effort that provides the foundation for increasing the skill of
predictions of seasonal-to-interannual climate fluctuations (which can
bring excessively wet and dry periods) and long-term climate change. The
USGCRP also sponsors research to understand the vulnerabilities to changes
in important environmental factors, including changes in climate, ultraviolet
(UV) radiation at the Earth's surface, and land cover. The scientific
knowledge gained is used to inform decision making on environmental issues
and to ensure the social and economic health of future generations.
TOOLS Broadly accessible, state-of-the-art information
bases and shared research and education tools.
Academic Research Fleet a fleet of large ships for ocean-wide
investigations, intermediate size ships for regional investigations, small
ships for coastal and estuarine work, and platforms with special capabilities
such as the submersible Alvin. The ships are both privately and
federally owned and are operated by academic institutions. NSF provides
a majority of the support for the operation, maintenance, and upgrade
of the fleet.
Advanced Networking Infrastructure enables and expands scholarly
communication and collaboration by providing network access for researchers
and educators to high performance, remote scientific facilities including
supercomputer facilities and information resources.
Antarctic Facilities and Operations Antarctic infrastructure,
operations and science support for the three U.S. Antarctic research stations:
McMurdo Station on Ross Island, Palmer Station on Anvers Island, and Amundsen-Scott
South Pole Station. In addition, necessary facilities include ski-equipped
and fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, research vessels (including a specially
constructed ice-breaking research vessel), and an ice-strengthened supply
and support ship. Over 650 researchers and students utilize the Antarctic
facilities each year.
Antarctic Logistics Antarctic logistics support is supplied in
part by the Department of Defense, including: flight activity and aircraft
maintenance carried out by military personnel in the 109th
Airlift Wing (AW) of the New York Air National Guard; support for air
traffic control, weather forecasting, and electronic equipment maintenance;
use of DOD satellites for communications.
Arctic Logistics Arctic research support and logistics funds;
includes facilities, operations and research support. Arctic facilities
include camps and sites for studies of greenhouse gases, monitoring stations
for research on ultra-violet radiation, ice coring sites for studies of
global climate history, high latitude radar observatories and magnetometers
for upper atmospheric research, use of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Healy,
and the use of a vessel from the academic research fleet for oceanographic
research in the Arctic Ocean.
Cornell Electron-positron Storage Ring (CESR) a physics facility
that produces electron and positron colliding beams that allow detailed
studies of physics, including research on the matter-antimatter asymmetry
in the universe as well as a fundamental asymmetry of nature called CP
EarthScope: US Array and San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth
(SAFOD)2 a distributed, multi-purpose geophysical instrument
array that will allow scientists to make major advances in our knowledge
and understanding of the structure and dynamics of the North American
continent. These observational facilities provide a framework for broad
integrated studies across the earth sciences, including research on earthquakes
and seismic hazards, magmatic systems and volcanic hazards, lithospheric
dynamics, regional tectonics, continental structure and evolution, and
fluids in the crust. EarthScope investigations will be done in close partnership
with local and state governments, federal agencies such as the U.S. Geological
Survey, and with Canada and Mexico when investigations border on those
GEMINI an international collaboration that is building 8-meter
telescopes in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Observatories
are located in Mauna Kea, Hawaii and Cerro Pachon, Chile. Gemini will
offer world-class and unique opportunities to the scientific community
both in the infrared optimization of the telescope and in the use of adaptive
High-Performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research
(HIAPER) 2 a medium sized jet aircraft capable of operating
in the upper troposphere to lower stratosphere and associated next-generation
instrumentation, which will allow research on many of the outstanding
issues in the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and cryosphere.
Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) facility
to provide rapid analysis of earthquakes, aid in monitoring nuclear proliferation,
permit imaging of the internal physical structure of the Earth, and make
data on seismic events available to researchers worldwide.
Large Hadron Collider (LHC)2 an international project
housed at the CERN laboratory in Switzerland, the LHC will be the worlds
highest energy accelerator facility. The LHC will enable a search for
the Higgs particle, the existence and properties of which will provide
a deeper understanding of the origin of mass of the known elementary particles.
It will also enable a search for particles predicted by a powerful theoretical
tool framework known as supersymmetry which will provide clues as to how
the four known forces evolved from different aspects of the same "unified"
force in the early universe.
Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) The
LIGO construction project began in FY 1992 as a collaboration between
physicists and engineers at the California Institute of Technology and
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to test the dynamical features
of Einsteins theory of gravitation and to study the properties of intense
gravitational fields from their radiation. Today, several other institutions
are also involved. LIGO consists of identical, but widely separated detectors,
one in Hanford, Washington, and the other in Livingston, Louisiana, that
will be used for fundamental physics experiments to directly detect gravitational
waves and gather data on their sources.
Millimeter Array2 a memorandum of understanding merging
U.S. and European design and development efforts for an expanded array
to be called the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) was signed between
the National Science Foundation and a consortium of European institutions
and funding agencies. ALMA will be the worlds most sensitive, highest
resolution millimeter-wavelength telescope, operating in the wavelength
range from 3 to 0.4 mm. It will combine an angular resolution comparable
to that of the Hubble Space Telescope with the sensitivity of a single
antenna nearly 100 meters in diameter. The array will provide a testing
ground for theories of star birth and stellar evolution, galaxy formation
and evolution, and the evolution of the universe itself. It will reveal
the inner workings of the central black hole "engines" which
power quasars, and will make possible a search for earth-like planets
around hundreds of nearby stars.
Major Research Instrumentation program (MRI) designed to improve
the condition of scientific and engineering equipment for research and
research training in our nations academic institutions. This program
seeks to improve the quality and expand the scope of research and research
training in science and engineering, and to foster the integration of
research and education by providing instrumentation for research-intensive
National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) located
at Michigan State University, this facility provides important research
opportunities to the community with particular emphasis on nuclear astrophysics.
Nanofabrication a network of five university user facilities
that offer advanced nano- and micro-fabrication capabilities to researchers
in all fields.
National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (NAIC) the 305-meter-diameter
radio and radar telescope located at Arecibo, Puerto Rico. NAIC is a visitor-oriented
national research center devoted to scientific investigations in radio
and radar astronomy and atmospheric sciences. NAIC provides telescope
users with a wide range of research and observing instrumentation, including
receivers, transmitters, movable line feeds, and digital data acquisition
and processing equipment.
National Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology Education
Digital Library (NSDL) NSDLs goal is to advance the methods used
to collect, store, organize and use widely distributed knowledge resources
that contain diverse types of information and content stored in a variety
of electronic forms.
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) serves the entire
atmospheric sciences research community and part of the ocean sciences
community. Facilities available to university, NCAR, and other researchers
include an advanced computational center providing resources and services
well suited for the development and execution of large models and for
the archiving and manipulation of large data sets. NCAR also provides
research aircraft that can be equipped with sensors to measure dynamic,
physical, and chemical states of the atmosphere. In addition, one airborne
and one portable ground-based radar and other surface sensing systems
are available for atmospheric research.
National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON)2 10
observatories nationwide that will serve as national research platforms
for integrated, cutting-edge, interdisciplinary research in field biology.
Collectively, the network will form a large array that will allow scientists
to conduct experiments on ecological systems at all levels of biological
organization from molecular genetics to whole ecosystems and across scales
ranging from seconds to geological time and from microns to regions and
continents. Part of the Biocomplexity in the Environment Initiative.
National High Field Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR)
Mass Spectrometry Center a chemistry facility used to measure the
atomic composition of complex molecular systems; part of the National
High Magnetic Field Laboratory.
Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)2
a project funded through the MRE account that will upgrade, modernize,
expand and network major facilities including: (a) shake tables used for
earthquake simulations; (b) large reaction walls for pseudo-dynamic testing;
(c) centrifuges for testing soils under earthquake loading; and (d) field
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) supports the
research needs of materials scientists and other researchers in broad-spectrum
science and technology. A team of researchers from the National High Magnetic
Field Laboratory (NHMFL) has conducted the first experiments in continuous
magnetic fields of 45 tesla (one million times the Earth's magnetic field)
in a new hybrid magnet. This new magnetic field strength gives scientists
a new scale of magnetic energy to create new states of matter and probe
deeper into electronic and magnetic materials than ever before.
National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) a national center
for research in ground-based optical and infrared astronomy and solar
physics. NOAO includes Kitt Peak National Observatory outside Tucson,
Arizona; Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile; and the National
Solar Observatory in Arizona and New Mexico. Large optical telescopes,
observing equipment, and research support services are made available
to qualified scientists.
National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) headquartered at
Charlottesville, Virginia, and operates radio telescopes at sites in Arizona,
New Mexico, and West Virginia. NRAO makes radio astronomy facilities available
to qualified visiting scientists and provides staff support for use of
the large radio antennas, receivers, and other equipment needed to detect,
measure, and identify radio waves from astronomical objects.
Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Facilities infrastructure associated
with the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). ODP activities are an international
exploration of Earth's crust beneath the ocean revealing the composition,
structure, and history of the submerged portion of Earth's surface. Ocean
drilling involves logging and collecting geologic samples from the floor
of the deep ocean basins through rotary coring and hydraulic piston coring.
Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI)
provides access to, and support for, high-end computing for the national
scientific and engineering community, and the development and application
of the necessary software, tools and algorithms for their use on scalable,
widely distributed resources. Emphasis will be on scaling applications
codes to be ready for transitions to the Terascale Computing Systems and
access and visualization techniques for very large data resources to support
research in disciplinary areas. The education, outreach and training component
of PACI will continue to broaden and accelerate the capability of the
nation to utilize the advanced computational capabilities being developed.
Polar Aircraft Modernization (LC-130s)2 funding to
upgrade ski-equipped aircraft to meet Air Force standards. These aircraft
are part of Antarctic and Arctic logistical support.
Research Resources focuses on the infrastructural tools necessary to
perform state-of-the-art scientific research. It includes databases and
the informatics tools and techniques needed to manage them, multi-user
instrumentation, development of instrumentation and new technologies,
living stock centers, and marine laboratories and terrestrial field stations.
Science & Technology Policy Institute (STPI) (formerly CTI)
a federally funded R&D center established by Congress to support
devising and implementing science and technology policy.
Science Resources Studies (SRS) a division within the Social,
Behavioral and Economic Sciences directorate (SBE), responsible for collecting,
analyzing and disseminating data on the science and engineering (S&E)
South Pole Station2 modernization of the existing
South Pole Station. Costs include materials, labor, logistics for transportation
of all materials and personnel to the South Pole, construction support,
inspection and equipment, as well as demolition and disposal. The goals
of the modernization are to maintain a U.S. presence in accord with national
policy, provide a safe working and living environment, provide a platform
for science, and to achieve a 25-year station life.
Terascale Computing Systems2 provides access to scalable,
balanced, terascale computing resources for the broad-based academic science
and engineering community served by NSF; part of the Information Technology
Geosciences (GEO) Facilities include multi-user accelerator-based
mass spectrometers and synchrotron beamlines, and facilities to support
the scientific use of the Global Positioning System.
Materials Research Facilities include the National High Field
Mass Spectrometry Center, NIST Neutron Scattering Facility, Cornell High-Energy
Synchrotron Source (CHESS), and Wisconsin Synchrotron Radiation Center.
Physics Facilities include the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility
(IUCF) and the Cornell High-Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS).
INITIATIVES In addition to support for core research,
education and tools, NSF emphasizes priority investments in interdependent
areas which cut across the People, Ideas and Tools goals. These areas
combine exciting opportunities in research and education with immense
potential to generate important benefits to society. The FY 2001 Budget
Information Technology Research (ITR)
Biocomplexity in the Environment (BE)
21st Century Workforce
Nanoscale Science and Engineering
1National Science and Technology Council Crosscuts
2Major Research Equipment Programs The Major Research Equipment
account provides funding for the construction and acquisition of major
research facilities that provide unique capabilities at the cutting edge
of science and engineering. Projects supported by this account are intended
to expand the boundaries of technology and will offer significant new
research opportunities, frequently in totally new directions, for the
science and engineering community. Operations and maintenance costs of
the facilities are provided through the Research and Related Activities