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SBE 2020: Submission Detail

ID Number: 197
Title: Philosophy of Scientific Political Inquiry for the 21st Century: Five Questions in Search of Research
Lead Author: Schrodt, Philip A
Abstract: Over the past two decades political science, while making considerable strides in the systematic collection of data and the formal specification of theories and models, has settled into a dysfunctional reliance on a narrow set of methodologies based on incomplete and logically inconsistent behavioralist philosophies from the 1920s and 1950s. A decade ago, NSF attempted to address this problem through a series of studies, and as a result made a substantial investment in the Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models (EITM) program. EITM, however, has proven to be a weak foundation which largely reinforced, rather than addressing, the fundamental problems in the existing paradigms, and has had virtually no discernible effect on either the practice or scientific status of systematic political inquiry. This white paper proposes that over the next ten years, investment is needed in more radical considerations of fundamental philosophy of science issuesspecifically causality, statistical inference, integration of qualitative and small-sample research, and stochastic modelingto provide a solid foundation in core philosophies of inference that are appropriate to the 21st century.
PDF: Schrodt_Philip_197.pdf

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