by Michael Yamaner[1]

In FY 2012, federal agencies obligated a total of $30.8 billion for science and engineering (S&E) to 1,073 academic institutions. This represents a 2% decrease in current dollars from the $31.4 billion obligated to 1,134 academic institutions in FY 2011. Levels of support to minority-serving academic institutions in FY 2012 varied according to institution type, with historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) seeing the largest drop (-10%). Federal S&E support to nonprofit institutions declined 7% from the FY 2011 level.

Federal academic S&E obligations include six categories (see "Data Sources, Limitations, and Availability" for category names and definitions), of which research and development annually accounts for the majority. In FY 2012, R&D accounted for $27.4 billion (89%) of total academic S&E support (table 1).

TABLE 1. Federal academic science and engineering obligations, by activity and agency: FY 2012
(Dollars in thousands)

DOD = Department of Defense; DOE = Department of Energy; HBCU = historically black colleges and universities; HHE = high Hispanic enrollment; HHS = Department of Health and Human Services; NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration; NSF = National Science Foundation; S&E = science and engineering; USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture.

a Other includes obligations from the following agencies: the Agency for International Development, the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Transportation, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Office of Justice Programs, and the Social Security Administration.

NOTE: Because of rounding, detail may not add to totals.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions, FY 2012.

Table 1 Source Data: Excel file

Activity All federal obligations DOD DOE HHS NASA NSF USDA Other
agenciesa
All universities and colleges 30,812,950 3,636,630 1,017,628 17,870,048 970,566 5,113,051 1,220,286 984,741
Research and development 27,384,769 2,753,270 1,009,194 17,026,555 970,566 4,170,187 657,216 797,781
R&D plant 424,198 0 0 6,067 0 391,979 38 26,115
Facilities and equipment for S&E instruction 3,866 116 0 0 0 0 90 3,660
Fellowships, traineeships, and training grants 912,749 28 8,434 756,873 0 27,775 55,459 64,180
General support for science and engineering 140,781 20,553 0 74,165 0 29,901 0 16,161
Other S&E activities 1,946,586 862,662 0 6,388 0 493,209 507,483 76,844
All HBCUs 400,293 19,388 9,289 122,050 3,743 93,585 132,884 19,355
Research and development 231,942 18,774 9,009 91,073 3,743 41,483 62,370 5,490
R&D plant 3,076 0 0 0 0 3,076 0 0
Facilities and equipment for S&E instruction 50 0 0 0 0 0 50 0
Fellowships, traineeships, and training grants 27,225 0 280 15,710 0 450 6,863 3,923
General support for science and engineering 15,000 0 0 15,000 0 0 0 0
Other S&E activities 123,000 614 0 268 0 48,576 63,600 9,942
All HHE institutions 524,662 44,507 21,198 260,778 37,896 113,280 28,816 18,186
Research and development 430,527 29,160 20,383 240,139 37,896 81,861 9,150 11,937
R&D plant 1,825 0 0 0 0 1,759 0 66
Facilities and equipment for S&E instruction 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fellowships, traineeships, and training grants 37,032 0 815 20,639 0 1,656 8,509 5,413
General support for science and engineering 972 340 0 0 0 633 0 0
Other S&E activities 54,305 15,007 0 0 0 27,372 11,156 770
All tribal colleges and universities 31,886 573 0 1,526 0 9,739 13,829 6,218
Research and development 11,605 573 0 892 0 2,065 1,857 6,218
R&D plant 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Facilities and equipment for S&E instruction 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fellowships, traineeships, and training grants 8,211 0 0 385 0 0 7,826 0
General support for science and engineering 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other S&E activities 12,071 0 0 250 0 7,674 4,146 0

Four federal agencies provided 91% of federal S&E support to academic institutions: the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (58%), the National Science Foundation (NSF) (17%), the Department of Defense (DOD) (12%), and the Department of Agriculture (USDA) (4%). Most of the remaining academic S&E total was split between the Department of Energy (DOE) (3%) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (3%) (table 1).

Federal S&E Support to Minority-Serving Academic Institutions

The NSF federal S&E support survey tracks obligations to three categories of minority-serving institutions:[2] HBCUs, high-Hispanic-enrollment (HHE) institutions, and tribal colleges and universities.

Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Ninety of the 105 HBCUs[3] (http://www.ed.gov/edblogs/whhbcu/one-hundred-and-five-historically-black-colleges-and-universities/) received a combined $400.3 million in FY 2012 federal academic S&E obligations, a decrease of 10% from FY 2011 levels. This decrease was the second consecutive annual current-dollar decrease in HBCU funding, resulting in an FY 2012 total that is less than the annual funding in any year since FY 2000. Three agencies contributed 87% of all federal academic S&E obligations to HBCUs: USDA (33%), HHS (30%), and NSF (23%). Overall, 58% of federal S&E obligations to HBCUs supported R&D. Thirty-one percent of the federal total supported other S&E activities at HBCUs, such as support of teacher institutes and programs designed to increase students' scientific knowledge, compared with a 6% share that this category accounted for at all academic institutions nationwide. The majority of HBCU support from DOD, DOE, HHS, and NASA (from 75% to 100%) was for R&D. By comparison, 52% of all HBCU support from NSF and 48% from USDA were for other S&E activities. Those two agencies accounted for 91% of all funds for HBCUs' other S&E activities (tables 1 and 2).

TABLE 2. Federal obligations for science and engineering and for research and development to historically black colleges and universities, ranked by total amount received in FY 2012: FYs 2009–12
(Dollars in thousands)

HBCUs = historically black colleges and universities.

a Includes American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 obligations.

NOTES: Because of rounding, detail may not add to totals. Institution order is based on total actual dollars received before amounts are rounded.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions.

Table 2 Source Data: Excel file

2009a 2010a 2011 2012
Institution All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D
All HBCUs 458,018 266,757 495,255 282,227 446,186 256,189 400,293 231,942
Morehouse School of Medicine 30,105 23,376 50,522 34,995 26,647 20,981 28,223 23,001
NC Agricultural and Technical State U. 25,083 14,391 27,916 14,470 24,717 15,189 26,688 15,811
Meharry Medical C. 33,036 25,268 37,732 25,141 26,364 20,387 24,872 18,703
Howard U. 21,892 17,916 20,599 15,243 18,455 13,529 23,797 15,437
Tuskegee U. 18,459 7,487 18,490 9,070 27,366 12,365 19,754 15,118
FL A&M U. 27,570 16,493 23,709 13,696 15,859 8,723 15,431 7,433
Prairie View A&M U. 11,788 5,605 14,983 7,202 15,203 8,007 14,975 7,288
AL A&M U. 13,656 8,005 11,866 5,998 10,317 4,988 14,603 7,103
Jackson State U. 25,241 19,313 21,975 16,503 17,016 12,117 13,395 8,353
TN State U. 12,486 5,085 16,001 6,823 20,025 9,620 12,194 6,855
DE State U. 7,031 2,861 6,004 2,535 8,447 3,786 11,500 7,077
Lincoln U., Jefferson City 9,668 5,207 9,430 4,426 11,765 6,920 10,156 4,887
VA State U. 8,487 3,178 10,012 4,997 8,717 3,974 9,910 3,739
Southern U. and A&M C., system office 14,433 5,619 16,126 6,699 10,048 5,020 9,878 4,447
Hampton U. 9,566 5,087 14,861 4,599 10,130 8,671 9,858 7,280
KY State U. 8,310 3,251 10,133 5,063 10,060 4,285 9,821 4,588
Ft. Valley State U. 7,515 2,704 8,689 3,634 10,535 5,364 8,974 3,925
Alcorn State U. 7,460 3,534 8,926 4,827 7,004 3,162 8,455 4,578
Dillard U. 1,656 1,623 2,941 2,495 7,916 2,467 8,326 2,677
U. MD, Eastern Shore 6,119 2,669 10,986 5,924 7,737 3,725 8,107 4,065
All other HBCUs 158,456 88,086 153,358 87,887 151,860 82,908 111,378 59,579

The top 20 HBCUs ranked by federal academic S&E support accounted for 72% of the academic S&E total for HBCUs in FY 2012. The Morehouse School of Medicine was the leading HBCU recipient of federal S&E obligations, receiving $28.2 million in FY 2012, of which 81% was for R&D (table 2). The Morehouse School of Medicine received 99.6% of its S&E total from HHS (data not shown).

In 2012, HBCUs accounted for 4% (16) of all (418) research doctorate—granting institutions.[4] Despite this small share, HBCUs graduated 12% (136) of all black or African American S&E doctorate recipients (1,161) in 2012. In addition, 25% of all black or African American S&E doctorate recipients in 2012 had earned a bachelor's degree from an HBCU (including from those HBCUs that do and do not offer a research doctorate degree) (table 3).

TABLE 3. Science and engineering doctorates awarded to American Indians or Alaska Natives, blacks or African Americans, and Hispanics or Latinos at minority-serving institutions: FY 2012

HBCU = historically black college or university; HHE = high Hispanic enrollment; S&E = science and engineering.

a In 2012, none of the 32 tribal colleges and universities were research doctorate—granting institutions.
b In 2012, there were 105 HBCUs; of these, 16 are research doctorate—granting institutions.
c Includes Mexican American, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic ethnicities.
d In 2012, there were 383 HHE institutions; of these, 26 are research doctorate—granting institutions.

NOTES: The Survey of Earned Doctorates is an annual census conducted since 1957 of all individuals receiving a research doctorate from an accredited U.S. institution in a given academic year. The population eligible for the 2012 survey consisted of all individuals who received a research doctorate from a U.S. academic institution in the 12-month period ending 30 June 2012. The total universe consisted of 51,008 persons in 418 institutions that conferred research doctorates in 2012.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012 .

Table 3 Source Data: Excel file

Race or ethnicity Doctorate recipients
All doctorate recipients 51,008
All S&E doctorate recipients 37,777
American Indian or Alaska Nativea
Total S&E doctorate recipients 60
S&E doctorate recipients from tribal colleges and universities 0
S&E doctorate recipients with bachelor's degree from tribal colleges and universities 0
Black or African American
Total S&E doctorate recipients 1,161
S&E doctorate recipients from HBCUsb 136
S&E doctorate recipients with bachelor's degree from HBCUs 290
Hispanic or Latinoc
Total S&E doctorate recipients 1,468
S&E doctorate recipients from HHE institutionsd 253
S&E doctorate recipients with bachelor's degree from HHE institutions 436

High-Hispanic-Enrollment Institutions

In FY 2012, 87 HHE institutions[5] (out of 383 universities and colleges designated as HHE institutions nationwide) received $524.7 million in federal academic S&E support. This amount represents a 26% increase over FY 2011 levels for HHE institutions, but two of the four HHE institutions receiving the largest shares of federal S&E obligations in FY 2012 were not designated HHE institutions in FY 2011. For all HHE institutions in FY 2012, 82% of their total S&E obligations were for R&D programs (HHE institutions received 50% of their federal academic S&E support from HHS in FY 2012) (table 1).

The majority of FY 2012 HHE institutions' academic S&E support from HHS (92%) and NSF (72%) came in the form of R&D projects. NSF provided 22% of all federal S&E obligations to HHE institutions, compared with NSF's smaller 17% share of the total provided to all universities and colleges. NSF provided 50% of federal obligations to the next largest category of S&E support to HHE institutions, other S&E activities (10% of all HHE federal S&E support) (table 1).

The top 20 HHE institutions accounted for 87% of the academic S&E total in FY 2012 for all such institutions (table 4). The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio was the leading HHE recipient of federal academic S&E obligations in FY 2012. HHS provided 91% of its $79.7 million academic S&E total (data not shown).

TABLE 4. Federal obligations for science and engineering and for research and development to high-Hispanic-enrollment institutions, ranked by total amount received in FY 2012: FYs 2009–12
(Dollars in thousands)

na = not applicable; not considered an HHE institution in FY 2011.

HHE = high Hispanic enrollment.

a Includes American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 obligations.
b New Mexico State University's Alamogordo, Carlsbad, and Doña Ana campuses were not counted as HHE institutions in FYs 2009–11; data for these campuses are therefore excluded from the total for those fiscal years.

NOTES: Because of rounding, detail may not add to totals. Institution order is based on total actual dollars received before amounts are rounded. Only those agencies that had obligations in the variables represented by this table appear in the table. This list of HHE institutions includes those whose full-time equivalent enrollment of undergraduate students is at least 25% Hispanic, according to fall 2012 enrollment data self-reported by the institutions in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions.

Table 4 Source Data: Excel file

2009a 2010a 2011 2012
Institution All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D
All HHE institutions 613,200 421,209 476,506 338,648 417,260 323,784 524,662 430,527
U. TX, Health Science Ctr., San Antonio na na na na na na 79,651 71,544
NM State U., Main Campusb 51,557 39,224 51,619 40,906 39,995 33,403 70,795 58,789
U. CA, Riverside 58,070 54,687 59,711 51,303 53,021 50,412 39,647 37,086
San Diego State U., San Diego na na na na na na 38,747 33,074
FL International U. 42,674 37,518 48,379 38,212 44,964 36,927 36,231 32,997
U. TX, El Paso 29,193 18,348 27,818 17,743 25,954 18,652 27,739 18,430
U. PR, Medical Sciences Campus 40,448 34,722 41,227 29,964 30,103 28,204 26,449 26,449
CUNY, City C. 32,346 25,559 30,323 23,584 34,882 29,854 25,542 22,752
U. TX, San Antonio 27,675 24,390 19,269 17,128 24,920 22,380 23,053 20,084
U. PR, Mayaguez 21,333 9,887 22,667 12,264 23,272 9,891 20,170 8,156
U. PR, Rio Piedras 6,788 5,138 16,030 10,871 10,564 8,103 9,431 7,384
U. CA, Merced 9,786 9,142 9,365 8,586 8,847 6,862 9,251 9,199
CA State U., Northridge 10,877 6,375 10,238 7,453 6,182 5,588 8,434 7,765
CA State U., San Bernardino 7,638 4,325 9,564 4,283 4,100 1,754 7,292 3,631
CA State Polytechnic U., Pomona 8,161 4,541 9,440 6,950 9,226 6,819 6,975 5,247
CA State U., Long Beach 10,592 8,475 9,414 8,738 7,395 7,151 6,372 6,082
U. PR, central administration na na na na na na 5,953 5,390
Ponce School of Medicine and Health Sciences 5,942 5,259 4,632 4,519 4,397 4,366 5,691 5,642
U. TX, Brownsville 9,022 5,383 7,986 3,554 4,661 2,883 5,516 5,516
U. Central del Caribe 7,026 5,730 6,089 6,044 4,624 4,250 5,149 4,970
All other institutions 234,072 122,509 92,736 46,546 80,154 46,287 66,576 40,340

In 2012, HHE institutions accounted for 6% (26) of total (418) research doctorate—granting institutions. HHE institutions graduated more than four times (17%) their relative share of Hispanic or Latino S&E doctorate recipients in 2012. Furthermore, 30% of all Hispanic or Latino S&E doctorate recipients previously had earned a bachelor's degree from an HHE institution (including those that do and do not offer a research doctorate degree) (table 3).

Tribal Colleges and Universities

There were 32 tribal colleges and universities[6] (from a total of 34) that received $31.9 million in federal academic S&E obligations in FY 2012, a 9% decrease from the total received in FY 2011 (table 5). In FY 2012, R&D programs comprised 36% of total federal S&E support to tribal colleges and universities, compared with the 89% share for all academic institutions. The rest of the tribal college and universities' federal S&E support was split between other S&E activities (38%) and fellowships, traineeships, and training grants (26%) (table 1).

TABLE 5. Federal obligations for science and engineering and for research and development to tribal colleges, ranked by total amount received in FY 2012: FYs 2009–12
(Dollars in thousands)

aIncludes American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 obligations.

NOTES: Because of rounding, detail may not add to totals. Only those agencies that had obligations in the variables represented by this table appear in the table. The list of tribal colleges and universities is from the White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities (see http://www.ed.gov/edblogs/whiaiane/tribes-tcus/tribal-colleges-and-universities/). Tribal colleges and universities are designated in section 2 of the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions.

Table 5 Source Data: Excel file

2009a 2010a 2011 2012
Institution All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R&D All federal obligations R& D
All institutions 37,912 13,184 33,546 9,451 35,031 14,947 31,886 11,605
Salish Kootenai C. 4,938 1,140 3,474 1,244 5,428 1,730 2,640 1,319
C. of Menominee Nation 1,649 757 3,395 832 3,627 1,672 2,552 1,441
Sitting Bull C. 1,771 1,103 1,709 476 1,272 476 2,363 1,090
Ft. Berthold Community C. 2,321 525 1,524 522 1,098 805 2,074 406
Oglala Lakota C. 2,395 582 2,004 782 2,105 1,582 1,902 662
Turtle Mountain Community C. 1,718 826 2,099 582 1,389 683 1,854 566
Aaniiih Nakoda C. 1,950 725 1,690 663 1,575 785 1,480 721
Ft. Peck Community C. 1,688 1,080 1,527 513 2,179 956 1,324 497
Northwest Indian C. 1,301 695 2,548 5 1,612 553 1,271 200
Navajo Technical C. 954 0 711 0 793 0 1,114 85
Sinte Gleska U. 778 582 793 582 790 582 1,111 736
Stone Child C. 1,681 793 1,985 479 1,261 878 1,099 602
United Tribes Technical C. 1,155 214 1,151 90 583 273 1,078 145
Cankdeska Cikana Community C. 716 631 1,250 431 920 432 1,063 499
Haskell Indian Nations U. 1,053 656 648 441 943 740 952 512
Institute of American Indian Arts 456 260 196 0 786 578 928 623
Blackfeet Community C. 898 702 834 527 725 527 926 572
Dine C. 1,175 479 1,226 0 465 272 833 245
Leech Lake Tribal C. 1,373 176 196 0 198 0 785 250
Chief Dull Knife C. 957 261 696 0 1,084 276 624 324
Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute 277 80 296 0 288 0 531 50
Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community C. 1,297 0 511 200 193 0 460 60
Sisseton Wahpeton C. 2,166 340 196 0 1,514 321 379 0
Little Big Horn C. 1,164 469 872 676 729 536 343 0
Bay Mills Community C. 290 93 495 200 203 0 320 0
Fond du Lac Tribal and Community C. 896 0 297 0 212 0 307 0
White Earth Tribal and Community C. 85 0 200 0 208 0 298 0
Little Priest Tribal C. 600 0 211 0 1,677 0 283 0
Tohono O'odham Community C. 15 15 396 200 198 0 278 0
NE Indian Community C. 197 0 211 0 464 72 273 0
Ilisagvik C. 0 0 6 6 193 0 271 0
Saginaw Chippewa Tribal C. 0 0 200 0 100 0 171 0

USDA provided the largest amount ($13.8 million) and share (43%) of federal S&E funding to tribal colleges and universities. USDA provided this support primarily through fellowships, traineeships, and training grants, which represented 57% of its total S&E funding to tribal colleges and universities in FY 2012. Most of NSF's S&E funding to tribal colleges and universities was for other S&E activities (79%). NSF and USDA, combined, funded 74% of the academic S&E total to tribal colleges and universities in FY 2012 (table 1).

In FY 2012, Salish Kootenai College was the leading tribal college or university recipient of federal academic S&E obligations, as it has been since FY 2006 (table 5). NSF and USDA provided 63% of Salish Kootenai College S&E support (data not shown), and R&D made up 50% of its federal academic S&E obligations.

Federal S&E Support to Nonprofit Institutions

NSF collects statistics on federal obligations to independent nonprofit institutions for two of the six S&E categories—R&D and R&D plant. During FY 2012, federal agencies obligated $6.8 billion to 1,119 nonprofit institutions, a decrease of 7% from the $7.3 billion reported in FY 2011 (table 6). DOD accounted for the largest decrease in funding ($0.7 billion). Massachusetts General Hospital received the most federal R&D and R&D plant funds ($352 million) among nonprofits in FY 2012, with HHS providing 98% of its funding (data not shown).

TABLE 6. Federal research and development and R&D plant obligations to the 10 independent nonprofit institutions receiving the largest amounts, by agency: FY 2012
(Current dollars in thousands)

DOD = Department of Defense; DOE = Department of Energy; HHS = Department of Health and Human Services; NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration; NSF = National Science Foundation.

a Other includes data for the following agencies: the Departments of Commerce, Education, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, and Transportation; the Agency for International Development; the Environmental Protection Agency; the Appalachian Regional Commission; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; the Office of Justice Programs (part of Department of Justice); and the Social Security Administration.

NOTE: Because of rounding, detail may not add to totals.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions, FY 2012.

Table 6 Source Data: Excel file

Institution All federal obligations HHS DOD NASA NSF DOE Other agenciesa
All nonprofit institutions 6,769,032 4,397,560 1,028,379 414,955 407,329 134,141 386,668
Top 10 nonprofit institutions 2,308,162 1,352,789 697,134 98,480 27,833 32,568 99,358
MA General Hospital 352,073 345,084 2,949 759 1,282 2,000 0
Brigham and Women's Hospital 333,284 330,035 362 397 2,491 0 0
MITRE Corp. 315,493 0 314,026 0 0 0 1,467
Battelle Memorial Institute 271,922 23,668 137,510 48 0 25,634 85,062
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Ctr. 225,882 225,004 0 0 878 0 0
Mayo Foundation 222,195 221,089 525 0 0 0 581
Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine 161,497 25,175 136,100 0 222 0 0
SRI International 151,730 49,931 78,335 0 20,445 3,019 0
Southwest Research Institute 138,182 0 26,227 97,277 515 1,916 12,248
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Ctr. 135,903 132,804 1,100 0 2,000 0 0
All other nonprofit institutions 4,460,871 3,044,771 331,246 316,475 379,497 101,574 287,310

In FY 2012, the 10 leading nonprofit institutions in terms of federal S&E funds received made up 34.1% of the total funding to all nonprofits. Six of these recipients were hospitals or medical research institutes, and 8 of these leading 10 nonprofits in FY 2012 also ranked among the top 10 in the prior year. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (ranked 11th in FY 2011 and 10th in FY 2012) and the Southwest Research Institute (ranked 20th in FY 2011 and 9th in FY 2012) moved into the top 10, and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (ranked 10th in FY 2011 and 12th in FY 2012) and IIT Research Institute (ranked 9th in FY 2011 and 67th in FY 2011) fell out of the top 10 (table 6).

Data Sources, Limitations, and Availability

The data on federal S&E obligations to academic and nonprofit institutions presented here were obtained from 19 agencies that responded to the FY 2012 Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions (Federal S&E Support Survey). The Federal S&E Support Survey collects federal S&E support data by funding agency, institution, type of activity, type of institution, and geographic location.

The six funding categories of federal S&E support are defined as follows.

The full set of detailed statistical tables on the FY 2012 Federal S&E Support Survey will be available online at http://nsf.gov/statistics/fedsupport/. Individual tables may be available in advance of the full report. For more information, please contact the author.

Notes

[1] Michael Yamaner, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965, Arlington, VA 22230 (myamaner@nsf.gov; 703-292-8726).

[2] Minority-serving institutions comprise historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), high-Hispanic-enrollment (HHE) institutions, and tribal colleges and universities.

[3] The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, defines an HBCU as "any historically black college or university that was established prior to 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary (of Education) to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation."

[4] A research doctorate is a doctoral degree that (1) requires the completion of an original intellectual contribution in the form of a dissertation or an equivalent culminating project (e.g., musical composition) and (2) is not primarily intended as a degree for the practice of a profession. The most common research doctorate is the PhD.

[5] Institutions are identified as having high Hispanic enrollment for this report based on fall 2012 enrollment. They are institutions whose full-time-equivalent fall enrollment of undergraduate students is at least 25% Hispanic in a given year. The fall enrollment data are self-reported by the institutions to the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics. The exact number and identification of HHE institutions can vary from year to year.

An HHE institution is not necessarily a Hispanic-serving institution (HSI). HSIs are eligible institutions that have recently received grants from the Department of Education's HSI program, authorized by Title V of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. In 2012, eligibility for the HSI program was defined as being open to nonprofit institutions with at least 25% Hispanic FTE undergraduate enrollment, and at least 50% of the Hispanic enrollment had to be low income. The Third Higher Education Extension Act of 2006 removed the low-income criterion for defining eligibility for the HSI program.

University of New Mexico's Gallup, Los Alamos, and Taos campuses are not HHE institutions; data for these campuses are therefore excluded from the total.

[6] The list of tribal colleges and universities is from the White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities (see http://www.ed.gov/edblogs/whiaiane/tribes-tcus/tribal-colleges-and-universities/). Tribal colleges and universities are designated in section 2 of the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978.