First postgraduate position: Employment sector
For selected years 1994, 2004, and 2014, academe was the most common sector of employment for doctorate recipients reporting definite commitments for non-postdoc employment in the United States, with approximately half of doctoral graduates from both generation groups committing to academic positions after graduation. Across the two decades, doctorate holders who were first-generation college students were more likely than other doctorate recipients to take positions in the education sector (includes primary and secondary schools and school systems),whereas the industry sector was more popular among doctorate holders who were second- or later-generation college students. However, these differences had become quite modest by 2014. The share of graduates from each generation group taking positions in industry increased substantially from 2004 to 2014.