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Table 55. Statistical profile of postgraduation plans of doctorate recipients, by sex and broad field of study: 2015

Characteristic All fields Life sciencesa Physical sciences and earth sciences Mathematics and computer sciences Psychology and social sciences Engineering Education Humanities and arts Otherb
All doctorate recipients (number)c 55,006 12,520 5,924 3,825 9,095 9,897 5,117 5,600 3,028
Postgraduation status (number)d
Definite postgraduation study 11,035 3,896 1,988 746 1,854 1,694 230 484 143
Definite employment 16,752 2,258 1,104 1,461 3,095 3,064 2,382 1,918 1,470
Seeking employment or study 16,505 3,925 1,924 885 2,239 3,359 1,434 2,077 662
Othere 2,148 788 159 144 252 358 179 170 98
Definite postgraduation study (%)f
Postdoc fellowship 53.2 55.6 38.8 50.7 73.7 35.2 51.3 82.2 56.6
Postdoc research associateship 44.2 41.2 60.5 48.4 22.1 63.2 43.5 16.1 37.1
Other or unknowng 2.5 3.2 0.8 0.9 4.2 1.6 5.2 1.7 6.3
Definite employment (%)h
Academe 49.8 45.9 24.1 33.7 61.0 17.2 60.5 79.1 80.0
Government 7.6 10.5 6.9 5.3 12.2 10.1 3.7 2.1 4.7
Industry or businessi 31.0 31.7 64.4 56.7 15.1 68.7 4.5 5.6 10.5
Nonprofit organization 6.0 9.5 2.8 2.9 8.5 3.1 5.9 8.7 3.7
Other or unknownj 5.5 2.4 1.8 1.4 3.2 0.9 25.4 4.5 1.1
Primary activityk
R&D 43.3 46.3 64.5 66.7 37.8 74.6 12.5 10.8 37.6
Teaching 33.7 26.6 18.6 23.0 37.8 8.3 41.2 73.2 46.3
Management or administration 11.0 10.4 5.2 2.8 9.0 4.6 33.8 7.8 9.9
Professional services 9.4 13.6 7.3 3.3 13.7 8.7 11.0 5.3 5.3
Other 2.7 3.0 4.4 4.2 1.7 3.7 1.4 2.8 0.9
Secondary activityl
R&D 27.8 25.4 17.2 19.9 33.7 12.1 26.7 47.1 44.0
Teaching 15.0 12.9 2.8 10.0 22.0 7.3 17.2 11.9 33.5
Management or administration 13.3 18.4 15.8 9.9 12.6 18.6 11.1 9.4 5.8
Professional services 7.6 9.8 8.5 6.2 6.5 7.0 11.3 5.9 5.2
Other 2.2 2.3 2.8 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.9 3.0 1.1
No secondary activity 34.1 31.1 52.8 52.5 23.2 53.0 30.9 22.6 10.4
Activity unknown 4.0 4.3 3.8 4.7 4.2 3.9 4.6 3.2 3.1
Postgraduation location (%)m
United Statesn 89.9 91.5 88.5 88.9 87.9 89.7 94.3 89.4 87.8
New England 8.6 10.1 9.0 8.7 9.6 8.1 5.1 9.6 5.5
Middle Atlantic 12.2 11.4 12.6 14.3 13.2 11.0 10.3 14.8 11.8
East North Central 12.0 10.4 10.3 10.3 11.6 12.7 16.0 13.6 13.4
West North Central 5.4 6.6 4.2 3.2 5.3 3.8 8.3 5.0 6.6
South Atlantic 16.5 18.6 12.5 12.5 18.7 14.0 18.5 16.1 19.4
East South Central 3.6 3.8 2.6 1.9 3.4 2.5 6.9 4.5 5.2
West South Central 7.8 7.1 8.0 5.4 7.0 8.1 11.1 8.0 9.5
Mountain 5.4 4.9 6.5 4.4 4.7 5.3 8.0 4.7 5.3
Pacific and insular 18.2 18.5 22.6 28.2 14.3 24.2 10.0 12.9 10.8
Not in United States 10.0 8.4 11.5 10.8 12.0 9.9 5.5 10.4 12.0
Location unknown 0.2 * * 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
Male doctorate recipients (number) 29,596 5,578 3,935 2,880 3,762 7,596 1,614 2,767 1,464
Postgraduation status (number)d
Definite postgraduation study 6,158 1,883 1,365 579 644 1,304 74 248 61
Definite employment 9,200 950 760 1,103 1,483 2,412 797 939 756
Seeking employment or study 8,673 1,616 1,219 662 917 2,544 417 1,031 267
Othere 1,084 376 93 104 95 257 49 63 47
Definite postgraduation study (%)f
Postdoc fellowship 48.1 53.6 37.5 50.9 67.9 34.0 50.0 78.2 57.4
Postdoc research associateship 49.8 42.9 62.2 47.8 28.7 64.4 47.3 19.8 36.1
Other or unknowng 2.1 3.5 0.3 1.2 3.4 1.5 2.7 2.0 6.6
Definite employment (%)h
Academe 43.3 41.5 22.2 30.0 62.2 16.1 58.5 75.4 80.2
Government 8.2 10.7 7.0 5.9 13.8 10.1 3.6 2.4 4.9
Industry or businessi 39.5 39.2 66.4 59.7 14.6 70.1 5.1 6.4 12.6
Nonprofit organization 4.9 6.6 2.5 3.0 6.7 2.8 5.9 11.3 2.1
Other or unknownj 4.0 2.0 1.8 1.5 2.6 0.9 26.9 4.5 0.3
Primary activityk
R&D 51.6 54.7 66.2 68.9 42.1 76.6 13.2 11.0 38.3
Teaching 28.0 20.9 17.4 20.8 37.2 7.2 36.8 69.8 44.7
Management or administration 9.6 8.0 5.5 2.8 9.0 4.8 40.6 8.9 10.6
Professional services 8.1 14.3 6.8 3.0 10.2 8.0 8.8 7.8 5.4
Other 2.6 2.1 4.1 4.5 1.5 3.4 0.7 2.5 1.0
Secondary activityl
R&D 24.8 22.6 16.3 17.8 34.1 11.3 25.0 45.4 44.2
Teaching 15.0 14.5 3.0 8.7 26.7 7.4 18.6 13.3 36.0
Management or administration 13.8 20.0 17.8 10.2 11.7 18.4 11.8 9.7 3.9
Professional services 7.1 9.4 8.2 5.8 5.8 7.2 10.9 6.4 4.9
Other 1.9 1.9 3.3 1.6 1.3 1.9 1.8 3.3 0.8
No secondary activity 37.4 31.7 51.4 55.8 20.5 53.8 31.9 22.0 10.2
Activity unknown 3.8 4.3 3.8 3.9 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.0 2.6
Postgraduation location (%)m
United Statesn 88.4 89.9 87.8 89.5 83.3 90.0 90.9 88.4 85.8
New England 8.3 9.9 9.1 8.3 8.6 8.0 4.9 8.4 4.3
Middle Atlantic 11.9 10.5 12.7 14.8 12.4 11.0 8.3 14.7 11.5
East North Central 12.0 10.7 10.3 10.2 11.8 13.0 16.3 14.7 12.6
West North Central 5.0 7.3 4.2 3.4 4.4 3.7 8.0 5.8 6.4
South Atlantic 15.0 17.3 11.8 11.8 18.2 13.7 17.6 14.1 17.5
East South Central 3.4 3.7 2.8 1.5 3.3 2.5 6.7 5.0 5.4
West South Central 7.7 7.1 7.9 5.2 6.5 8.1 10.6 8.6 11.4
Mountain 5.4 5.1 6.1 4.3 4.8 5.2 9.6 4.5 5.3
Pacific and insular 19.7 18.2 22.8 30.0 13.2 24.7 8.8 12.4 11.3
Not in United States 11.4 10.0 12.2 10.3 16.5 9.7 8.8 11.5 14.1
Location unknown 0.2 * 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Female doctorate recipients (number) 25,403 6,941 1,988 943 5,332 2,301 3,502 2,832 1,564
Postgraduation status (number)d
Definite postgraduation study 4,877 2,013 623 167 1,210 390 156 236 82
Definite employment 7,552 1,308 344 358 1,612 652 1,585 979 714
Seeking employment or study 7,832 2,309 705 223 1,322 815 1,017 1,046 395
Othere 1,064 412 66 40 157 101 130 107 51
Definite postgraduation study (%)f
Postdoc fellowship 59.7 57.6 41.6 49.7 76.8 39.0 51.9 86.4 56.1
Postdoc research associateship 37.2 39.5 56.7 50.3 18.6 59.2 41.7 12.3 37.8
Other or unknowng 3.1 2.9 1.8 0.0 4.6 1.8 6.4 1.3 6.1
Definite employment (%)h
Academe 57.7 49.1 28.2 45.0 59.8 21.3 61.5 82.6 79.8
Government 6.9 10.3 6.7 3.6 10.7 10.0 3.8 1.8 4.5
Industry or businessi 20.6 26.3 59.9 47.8 15.5 63.5 4.1 4.9 8.4
Nonprofit organization 7.4 11.6 3.5 2.5 10.2 4.4 5.9 6.1 5.3
Other or unknownj 7.4 2.7 1.7 1.1 3.8 0.8 24.7 4.5 2.0
Primary activityk
R&D 33.0 40.2 60.7 59.8 33.9 67.3 12.2 10.7 36.9
Teaching 40.6 30.8 21.5 30.0 38.3 12.3 43.5 76.5 48.0
Management or administration 12.8 12.1 4.5 2.7 9.0 3.7 30.4 6.8 9.2
Professional services 10.9 13.2 8.2 4.2 17.0 11.5 12.1 3.0 5.1
Other 2.7 3.7 5.1 3.3 1.8 5.1 1.8 3.1 0.9
Secondary activityl
R&D 31.6 27.5 19.3 26.4 33.4 15.1 27.5 48.8 43.9
Teaching 14.9 11.7 2.4 14.1 17.7 6.9 16.5 10.6 30.8
Management or administration 12.7 17.2 11.5 9.0 13.5 19.2 10.8 9.1 7.7
Professional services 8.2 10.1 9.1 7.2 7.3 6.3 11.5 5.5 5.5
Other 2.5 2.6 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.6 3.4 2.8 1.5
No secondary activity 30.0 30.7 55.9 42.0 25.8 50.0 30.3 23.3 10.6
Activity unknown 4.3 4.2 3.8 7.0 4.2 4.3 4.9 3.5 3.6
Postgraduation location (%)m
United Statesn 91.7 92.8 90.0 86.9 91.4 88.9 95.9 90.5 89.8
New England 9.1 10.2 8.7 9.7 10.3 8.3 5.2 10.7 6.8
Middle Atlantic 12.6 12.2 12.4 12.6 13.9 10.9 11.3 14.9 12.2
East North Central 11.9 10.0 10.3 10.9 11.5 11.3 15.9 12.5 14.2
West North Central 5.8 6.0 4.1 2.7 5.9 4.2 8.4 4.3 6.9
South Atlantic 18.4 19.7 14.2 14.7 19.1 15.4 19.0 18.1 21.4
East South Central 4.0 4.0 2.0 3.0 3.4 2.3 7.0 4.0 5.0
West South Central 8.0 7.1 8.4 6.1 7.3 8.3 11.3 7.5 7.5
Mountain 5.4 4.7 7.4 4.8 4.7 5.6 7.2 4.9 5.4
Pacific and insular 16.4 18.7 22.3 22.5 15.2 22.3 10.5 13.3 10.3
Not in United States 8.1 7.1 9.9 12.4 8.5 10.7 3.8 9.3 9.9
Location unknown 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3