Among doctorate recipients reporting a definite postgraduation commitment for non-postdoc employment in 2011 to 2015, temporary visa holders intending to stay in the United States after graduation were about three times as likely to work in the industry or business sector (60%) as those intending to leave the United States (19%) or U.S. citizens and permanent residents (22%). These latter two types of doctorates were far more likely to take non-postdoc positions in the academic and government sectors (figure F).
Employment sector of U.S. doctorate recipients with definite commitments for employed position, by resident type: 2011–15
|Employment sector||U.S. citizens and permanent residents||Temporary visa holders intending to stay in the United States||Temporary visa holders intending to leave the United States|
|Industry or business||13,182||22.0||9,475||60.0||1,340||19.5|
- NOTES: Industry or business includes doctorate recipients who indicated self-employment. Other includes non-profits and unknown, and otherwise is mainly composed of elementary and secondary schools. Percentages are based on the number of doctorate recipients who reported definite commitments for an employed (non-postdoc) position in the coming year (including those missing employer type).
- SOURCE: Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities 2015. Related detailed data: tables 46, 47.