From 2011 to 2015, temporary visa holders intending to stay in the United States after earning a doctorate were more likely to study engineering than were temporary visa holders intending to leave (34% versus 22%). They were less likely to graduate with a degree in a non-S&E field (10% versus 22%) or in psychology and social sciences (7% versus 18%). U.S. citizens and permanent residents who earned a doctorate were more likely to graduate with a degree in life sciences or in a non-S&E field (figure A).
Doctorates awarded, by resident type and broad field of study: 2011–15
|Resident type||Life sciences||Physical sciences and earth sciences||Mathematics and computer sciences||Psychology and social sciences||Engineering||Non-S&E|
|U.S. citizens and permanent residents||24.8||9.7||4.9||18.9||11.3||30.4|
|Temporary visa holders intending to stay in the United States||21.8||14.3||12.4||7.4||33.6||10.5|
|Temporary visa holders intending to leave the United States||18.2||11.0||8.5||18.4||21.7||22.3|
- S&E = science and engineering.
- NOTE: Percentages are based on the number of doctorate recipients responding to the postgraduation location question.
- SOURCE: Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities 2015. Related detailed data: tables 17,18, 22.