Field of study
Most of the growth in the number of doctorates earned by both men and women has been in S&E fields. From 1995 to 2015, the number of female doctorate recipients in S&E fields increased by 93%, far faster than the 29% growth in the number of male S&E doctorates. The numbers of male doctorate recipients and female doctorate recipients in S&E fields both grew by 2% from 2014 to 2015. Although women's share of S&E doctorates awarded increased from 33% in 1995 to 42% in 2009, it has remained stable since then.
The number of female doctorate recipients in non-S&E fields has grown at a slower pace (7%) over the past 20 years, whereas the number of male doctorates in those fields has declined by 13%. In 2015, 57% of doctorates in non-S&E fields were awarded to women, a share that has changed little since 2002 (figure E).
Sex and field of study of U.S. doctorate recipients: 1995–2015
|Year||Male, S&E fields||Male, non-S&E fields||Female, S&E fields||Female, non-S&E fields|
S&E = science and engineering.
NOTE: Excludes respondents who did not report sex.
- SOURCE: Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities 2015. Related detailed data: tables 14, 15, 16.