Figure 5-5

Share of academic R&D, by institution rank in R&D expenditures: FYs 1997–2016


Totals for FYs 1996–2002 represent R&D expenditures in S&E fields only. Beginning in FY 2003, totals include R&D expenditures in S&E fields and non-S&E fields. However, from FY 2003 through FY 2009, some institution totals may be lower-bound estimates because the National Science Foundation did not attempt to estimate for nonresponse on non-S&E R&D expenditures before FY 2010.


National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey (HERD). See Appendix Table 5-6.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2018