The Department of Health and Human Services (primarily the National Institutes of Health, or NIH) accounts for most federal support for research and chiefly in the life sciences, while the Department of Defense (DoD) accounts for much of the federal research investment in engineering.
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Why is this indicator important?
Patterns of research funding by federal agency reﬂect government priorities and inﬂuence the development of speciﬁc ﬁelds of science and engineering.
Federal investment in life sciences research totaled about $27.8 billion in FY 2007, largely related to support provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Federal investment in engineering research totaled about $9.5 billion that year, largely due to support provided by
largely accounts for the level of federal research investment in the physical sciences, which reached about $2.4 billion in FY 2007.
Most recently, patterns of U.S. federal R&D investment have reﬂected renewed focus in national security areas (SEI 2008