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National Science Foundation National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2008–10


General Notes


This report is volume 58 of the Federal Funds series of detailed statistical tables. It presents data collected by the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development for the federal FY 2008–10. In December 2009 the survey was sent to all federal agencies identified as conducting R&D programs, and 27 agencies reported R&D funding levels as of the second quarter of FY 2008. The basis for reporting is determined by fiscal year.

  • FY 2008 data are completed transactions
  • FY 2009 data are estimates of congressional appropriation actions and apportionment and reprogramming decisions
  • FY 2010 data are estimates of administration budget proposals not yet acted on

Subsequent volumes in this series will show authorization, appropriation, deferral, and apportionment actions completed after these data were collected.

The data tables provide R&D totals as outlays and obligations. Obligations data are sorted as follows:

  • Character of work (basic research, applied research, development, R&D plant)
  • Federal agency
  • Field of science or engineering (for research but not for development)
  • Geographical area
  • Performer

Each year, agencies report obligations or outlays incurred or expected to be incurred in that year, no matter when the agencies' funds were authorized, appropriated, or received. Agencies report R&D funding whether or not their budgets itemize funds for research, development, and R&D plant.

Because many agency R&D programs are not identified as budget line items, agency officials must identify R&D and R&D plant activities within broader programs. Accuracy of the data depends on how well federal respondents meet these survey requirements. In 2009 the Department of the Air Force (AF) notified NSF that it had not reported BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development to the survey since FY 2000 because the agency misunderstood the reporting requirements. For this report AF revised actual data for FY 2000–07 to include BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development and correctly reported FY 2008 (actual) data. AF did not revised preliminary data for FY 2009 and FY 2010; therefore, these data are not comparable to FY 2008 data.

For trend comparisons, use only the historical data for FY 1988–2009 in tables 96–131 of this report. These tables incorporate changes agencies have made in prior-year data to reflect program reclassifications. Do not use data published earlier.

Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2008–10
Detailed Statistical Tables | NSF 12-308 | April 2012


Table 107 has been replaced with a corrected version. It removes Office of Science obligations from the FY 2008–09 totals for the National Nuclear Security Administration.