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National Science Foundation National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
Federal Funds for Research and Development FYs 2012–14


General Notes


This report is volume 62 of the Federal Funds series of detailed statistical tables. It presents data collected by the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development for FYs 2012–14. In March 2013, the survey was sent to all federal agencies identified as conducting R&D programs, and 28 agencies reported R&D funding levels. The basis for reporting is determined by fiscal year.

  • FY 2012 data are completed transactions
  • FY 2013 data are estimates of congressional appropriation actions and apportionment and reprogramming decisions
  • FY 2014 data are estimates of administration budget proposals not yet acted on

Subsequent volumes in this series will show authorization, appropriation, deferral, and apportionment actions completed after these data were collected.

The data tables provide R&D totals as outlays and obligations. Obligations data are sorted as follows:

  • Character of work (basic research, applied research, development, and R&D plant)
  • Federal agency
  • Field of science or engineering (for research but not for development)
  • Geographical area
  • Performer

Each year, agencies report obligations or outlays incurred or expected to be incurred in that year, no matter when the agencies' funds were authorized, appropriated, or received. Agencies report R&D funding whether or not their budgets itemize funds for research, development, and R&D plant.

Because many agency R&D programs are not identified as budget line items, agency officials must identify R&D and R&D plant activities within broader programs. Accuracy of the data depends on how well federal respondents meet these survey requirements.

For trend comparisons, use only the historical data for FYs 1993–2014 in tables 107–42 of this report. These tables incorporate changes agencies have made in prior-year data to reflect program reclassifications. Do not use data published earlier.

Federal Funds for Research and Development FYs 2012–14
Detailed Statistical Tables | NSF 14-316 | September 2014