Scope of This Report
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is mandated by Congress to provide biennial reports on the status of women and minorities in science and engineering. The primary purpose of this report is to monitor trends in participation at various levels. This report documents the progress that has been made by women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in science and engineering education and employment and highlights the areas in which further progress can be made. This report is the eighth in a series of reports on this subject. Like its predecessors, it examines the participation of women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in science and engineering education and in scientific and engineering occupations, including employment, salaries, and promotional opportunities.
Statistical data are presented on representation in science and engineering education at the precollege, undergraduate, and graduate levels, and on representation in science and engineering employment.
Current data and historical trends from a number of NSF surveys are reported, and also, where appropriate, findings from externally conducted research are cited. A chronological sequence of education then workforce participation is followed. This report documents the progress that has been made in recent years and examines some of the factors that continue to hinder further participation.