Table 11 
Indicators of elementary and secondary school mathematics and science education 

Topic 
Indicator 

Student learning in
mathematics and science 
• Trends in 4th, 8th, and 12th graders' mathematics performance through 2009 
• 4th, 8th, and 12th graders' science performance in 2009 
• Ninth graders' algebra performance in 2009 
• International comparisons of 15yearolds' mathematics and science literacy in 2003, 2006, and 2009 
Student coursetaking in mathematics and science 
• High school graduation requirements and curriculum standards 
• Trends in mathematics and science course completion by high school graduates from 1990 to 2009 
Mathematics and science teachers 
• Degrees, certification, and experience of public middle and high school teachers in 2008 
• Professional development of teachers in 2008 
• Teacher attrition from 1988 to 2008 
• Teacher salaries and working conditions in 2008 
Student transitions to higher education 
• Ontime high school graduation rates in 2008 
• International comparisons of secondary school graduation rates in 2008 
• Immediate college enrollment from 1975 to 2009 
• International comparisons of college enrollment rates in 2008 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012 