Table 1-5
Changes in NAEP mathematics score gaps between selected groups of students, by grade level: Selected years, 1990–2009
  Change in score gap
  Grade 4   Grade 8   Grade 12
Score gap between selected groups of students 1990–2009   1990–2009   2005–09a
Males and females    
Whites and blacks    
Whites and Hispanics    
Students from low-income families and those from other familiesb    
Low-performing students and high-performing studentsc    
Public school students and private school students     NA

≈ = no change; ↓ = decrease; NA = not available

NAEP = National Assessment of Educational Progress

aChanges in gaps for grade 12 presented only for 2005 to 2009 because prior assessments were not comparable with those in or after 2005.
bInformation on student eligibility for subsidized lunch program, a measure of family poverty, first collected in 1996; comparisons in 1990–2009 columns cover 1996 to 2009.
cGap between scores at the 10th and 90th percentiles.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, special tabulations (2011) of NAEP 1990, 1996, 2005, and 2009 mathematics assessments, National Center for Education Statistics. See appendix table 1-1.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012