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Chapter 4. R&D: National Trends and International Comparisons

R&D Performed Abroad by U.S.-Owned Companies

Foreign operations of U.S. businesses performed $61.5 billion in R&D outside the United States, based on 2008 BRDIS pilot survey. Of this performance abroad, $56.9 billion was paid by the own company and $4.6 billion was paid by others outside of the company (table 4-11).[16]

By far, the industry that performed the most R&D outside of the United States was the pharmaceuticals and medicines industry ($10.9 billion), based on BRDIS data (appendix table 4-14). Other industries with high levels of R&D performed abroad were automobiles, automobile bodies, trailers, and parts manufacturers ($8.4 billion), semiconductor and other electronic components manufacturers ($7.1 billion), and software publishers ($6.3 billion).


[16] Funded by others outside the company includes funded by foreign parents.