Chapter 8. State Indicators

Findings

• In 2009, the nationwide average mathematics score of eighth grade public school students was 282, a statistically significant increase from 272 in 2000. Eighth graders scored higher in mathematics in 2009 than in any previous assessment year.
• Of the 40 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2009 mathematics assessments, 35 showed statistically significant increases over the decade.
• Since 2007, eighth grade mathematics scores increased for public school students in 15 states; nearly half of those states showing an increase were located in the West. No states showed a decline.
• The gaps in mathematics scores between white eighth graders and black or Hispanic eighth graders narrowed between 2000 and 2009 although significant gaps still exist.
• The average mathematics scores for both male and female eighth grade students increased over the decade, but the size of the gender gap remained unchanged at 2 points.

Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its eighth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2009.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500. An average score designated as NA (not applicable) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not meet the minimum guidelines for reporting. NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

State 2000 2005 Table 8-5 Average eighth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009 (Score out of 500) 270 275 280 274 280 284 272 * 278 * 282 264 262 269 NA 279 * 283 269 * 274 277 257 * 272 276 260 * 269 270 NA 281 * 287 281 281 289 NA 281 * 284 235 * 245 * 254 NA 274 279 265 * 272 278 262 * 266 * 274 277 * 281 * 287 275 * 278 282 281 * 282 * 287 NA 284 284 283 * 284 * 289 270 * 274 * 279 259 * 268 * 272 281 * 281 * 286 272 * 278 * 288 279 * 292 * 299 277 277 278 287 * 290 294 254 * 262 265 271 * 276 * 286 285 286 292 280 * 284 284 265 * 270 274 NA 285 * 292 NA 284 * 293 259 * 263 * 270 271 * 280 283 276 * 282 284 282 * 287 * 293 281 * 283 286 270 * 271 * 276 280 282 285 NA 281 * 288 269 * 272 * 278 265 * 281 280 NA 287 291 262 * 271 * 275 273 * 281 * 287 274 * 279 284 281 * 287 * 293 275 * 284 * 286 NA 285 289 266 * 269 270 NA 285 288 276 * 282 * 286 NA NA NA *significantly different (p < .05) from the 2009 score for the jurisdiction; NA = not available EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 8 mathematics scores for public schools only. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction. SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years). Science and Engineering Indicators 2012
Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.