Table 4-15
Government R&D support by major socioeconomic objectives, for selected countries and years: 1990–2011
 
   Percent of nondefense
Region/country
and year
GBAORD
(current US$
millions, PPP)
Percent of GBAORD Economic
development
programs
Health and
environment 
Education
and society 
Civil
space
Non-oriented 
research
General
university
funds
 Defense  Nondefense
 
United States
1990 63,781.0 62.6 37.4 20.1 40.2 3.4 24.2 10.1 na
2000 83,612.5 51.6 48.4 13.4 49.9 1.8 20.9 13.8 na
2005 131,259.0 56.9 43.1 11.2 55.8 2.8 17.1 13.2 na
2011 144,379.0 56.8 43.2 10.5 56.8 2.9 13.9 16.0 na
 
EU
1990 na na na na na na na na na
2000 76,388.3 12.9 87.1 22.4 11.5 3.4 6.0 15.4 34.7
2005 90,797.3 10.4 89.6 19.8 13.3 4.1 5.4 20.0 36.4
2011 111,574.9 4.6 95.4 21.0 13.7 4.7 5.9 17.6 34.1
 
France
1990 13,650.6 40.0 60.0 32.8 9.3 0.8 13.0 24.6 18.9
2000 14,740.2 21.4 78.6 17.7 9.7 1.1 13.2 27.4 28.5
2005 18,084.5 20.8 79.2 16.4 11.8 0.4 10.9 28.3 29.4
2011 19,422.2 6.8 93.2 17.3 9.8 5.4 13.9 17.9 24.4
 
Germany
1990 13,328.4 13.5 86.5 25.9 10.8 2.9 6.8 15.2 37.6
2000 16,808.7 7.8 92.2 21.6 9.4 3.9 5.1 17.5 42.4
2005 19,865.0 5.8 94.2 20.3 10.1 4.1 5.2 18.0 43.1
2011 29,234.2 4.0 96.0 24.4 9.5 3.9 4.9 17.0 41.0
 
United Kingdom
1990 8,102.3 43.5 56.5 31.9 18.1 4.0 5.5 10.3 29.8
2000 10,359.1 36.2 63.8 12.1 28.3 6.4 3.5 18.8 30.4
2005 13,228.0 23.9 76.1 7.1 25.8 7.4 3.0 25.9 30.2
2011 13,280.0 14.6 85.4 7.9 32.5 4.4 3.4 22.5 29.3
 
China
1990 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
2000 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
2005 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
2011 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
 
Japan
1990 10,133.6 5.4 94.6 34.1 4.5 1.1 6.9 8.4 45.1
2000 21,173.8 4.1 95.9 33.4 6.6 1.0 5.8 14.6 37.0
2005 27,617.8 4.0 96.0 33.2 6.8 0.8 7.0 16.9 35.3
2011 34,172.2 2.7 97.3 26.6 7.0 0.7 6.7 21.5 37.9
 
South Korea
1990 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
2000 5,024.7 20.5 79.5 53.4 14.8 3.8 3.1 24.9 **
2005 8,539.3 14.6 85.4 51.9 18.8 5.1 4.2 20.1 **
2011 15,897.8 16.3 83.7 49.9 14.1 2.7 2.4 30.9 **
 

** = included in other categories; na = not applicable; NA = not available.

EU = European Union; GBAORD = government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D; PPP = purchasing power parity.

NOTES: Foreign currencies are converted to dollars through PPPs. GBAORD data are not yet available for China. The socioeconomic objective categories are aggregates of the 14 categories identified by Eurostat’s 2007 Nomenclature for the Analysis and Comparison of Scientific Programs and Budgets. The figures are as reported by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

SOURCE: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2012/2). See appendix table 4-39.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014