Table 5-25
U.S. sector articles coauthored with other U.S. sectors and foreign institutions: 2002 and 2012
 
U.S. sector
Year Academic Federal
government
Industry FFRDCs Private
nonprofit
State/local
government
 
2002
All articles 176,756 24,824 23,485 9,502 28,372 3,868
Total coauthored 117,863 20,009 17,815 7,605 23,161 3,322
Total coauthored with another U.S. sector and/or foreign institution 76,622 18,592 16,456 7,275 20,703 3,209
Coauthored with another U.S. sector 43,587 16,051 13,372 5,671 18,124 3,073
Coauthored with academic sector na 14,014 11,187 4,925 16,457 2,614
Coauthored with non-academic sector 43,587 5,543 5,305 1,762 5,544 1,455
Coauthored with foreign 41,978 5,749 5,557 3,609 6,337 494
 
2012
All articles 226,753 29,099 25,268 13,316 40,672 4,550
Total coauthored 173,744 25,527 21,925 11,739 36,612 4,206
Total coauthored with another U.S. sector and/or foreign institution 119,371 24,057 20,555 11,269 33,973 4,103
Coauthored with another U.S. sector 61,329 21,244 16,651 9,128 29,883 3,941
Coauthored with academic sector na 19,095 14,382 8,404 27,870 3,485
Coauthored with non-academic sector 61,329 8,367 7,535 2,768 9,595 2,037
Coauthored with foreign 76,907 9,006 8,712 6,172 13,740 917
 

na = not applicable.

FFRDCs = federally funded R&D centers.

NOTES: Article counts are from the set of journals covered by the Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles are classified by the year they entered the database, rather than their year of publication, and are assigned to a U.S. sector on the basis of the institutional address(es) listed in the article. Articles are credited on a whole-count basis (i.e., each collaborating institution type is credited one count in each qualifying group). The sum of articles coauthored with various sectors could exceed the total number of articles coauthored with another sector and/or foreign sector due to articles coauthored by multiple sectors. Articles from joint or unknown U.S. sectors are not shown.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and The Patent Board,™ special tabulations (2013) from Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI, http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014