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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education

Fourth Grade Mathematics Performance



Findings

  • In 2011, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 240, an increase from 234 in 2003. Fourth graders scored higher in mathematics in 2011 than in any previous assessment year.
  • The states with the highest average fourth grade performance scores are concentrated in the northern United States.
  • Nationally, the 2011 average mathematics score for white public school fourth grade students was 249 compared to 224 for black students, a gap of 25 points, and 229 for Hispanic students, a gap of 20 points, based upon racial classifications provided by the schools. In 2003, these score gaps were 27 and 22 points, respectively, indicating that these demographic gaps are not shrinking.


Description

This indicator represents each state’s average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment, conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics, is part of a legally mandated federal effort to measure student performance. It measures students’ knowledge and skills in mathematics and their ability to apply that knowledge in the content areas of number properties and operations; measurement; geometry; data analysis, statistics, and probability; and algebra. Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500.

All 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the 2011 NAEP mathematics assessment. Students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency are allowed to use certain accommodations (e.g., extra testing time or individual rather than group administration). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered. For additional details on NAEP scores by gender and race/ethnicity, see appendix tables 8-1 to 8-12.


Data Table

Table 8-1
Average fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2003, 2007, and 2011
(Score out of 500)
 
State 2003 2007 2011
 
United States 234 239 240
Alabama 223 229 231
Alaska 233 237 236
Arizona 229 232 235
Arkansas 229 238 238
California 227 230 234
Colorado 235 240 244
Connecticut 241 243 242
Delaware 236 242 240
District of Columbia 205 214 222
Florida 234 242 240
Georgia 230 235 238
Hawaii 227 234 239
Idaho 235 241 240
Illinois 233 237 239
Indiana 238 245 244
Iowa 238 243 243
Kansas 242 248 246
Kentucky 229 235 241
Louisiana 226 230 231
Maine 238 242 244
Maryland 233 240 247
Massachusetts 242 252 253
Michigan 236 238 236
Minnesota 242 247 249
Mississippi 223 228 230
Missouri 235 239 240
Montana 236 244 244
Nebraska 236 238 240
Nevada 228 232 237
New Hampshire 243 249 252
New Jersey 239 249 248
New Mexico 223 228 233
New York 236 243 238
North Carolina 242 242 245
North Dakota 238 245 245
Ohio 238 245 244
Oklahoma 229 237 237
Oregon 236 236 237
Pennsylvania 236 244 246
Rhode Island 230 236 242
South Carolina 236 237 237
South Dakota 237 241 241
Tennessee 228 233 233
Texas 237 242 241
Utah 235 239 243
Vermont 242 246 247
Virginia 239 244 245
Washington 238 243 243
West Virginia 231 236 235
Wisconsin 237 244 245
Wyoming 241 244 244
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available.

NOTES: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) grade 4 mathematics scores are for public schools only. For additional details on NAEP scores by sex and race or ethnicity, see appendix tables 8-1–8-12.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

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