## Chapter 8. State Indicators

### Map

U.S. map and list of abbreviation

### Findings

• In 2011, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 240, an increase from 234 in 2003. Fourth graders scored higher in mathematics in 2011 than in any previous assessment year.
• The states with the highest average fourth grade performance scores are concentrated in the northern United States.
• Nationally, the 2011 average mathematics score for white public school fourth grade students was 249 compared to 224 for black students, a gap of 25 points, and 229 for Hispanic students, a gap of 20 points, based upon racial classifications provided by the schools. In 2003, these score gaps were 27 and 22 points, respectively, indicating that these demographic gaps are not shrinking.

### Description

This indicator represents each state’s average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment, conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics, is part of a legally mandated federal effort to measure student performance. It measures students’ knowledge and skills in mathematics and their ability to apply that knowledge in the content areas of number properties and operations; measurement; geometry; data analysis, statistics, and probability; and algebra. Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500.

All 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the 2011 NAEP mathematics assessment. Students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency are allowed to use certain accommodations (e.g., extra testing time or individual rather than group administration). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered. For additional details on NAEP scores by gender and race/ethnicity, see appendix tables 8-1 to 8-12.

### Data Table

 State 2003 2007 Table 8-1 Average fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2003, 2007, and 2011 (Score out of 500) 234 239 240 223 229 231 233 237 236 229 232 235 229 238 238 227 230 234 235 240 244 241 243 242 236 242 240 205 214 222 234 242 240 230 235 238 227 234 239 235 241 240 233 237 239 238 245 244 238 243 243 242 248 246 229 235 241 226 230 231 238 242 244 233 240 247 242 252 253 236 238 236 242 247 249 223 228 230 235 239 240 236 244 244 236 238 240 228 232 237 243 249 252 239 249 248 223 228 233 236 243 238 242 242 245 238 245 245 238 245 244 229 237 237 236 236 237 236 244 246 230 236 242 236 237 237 237 241 241 228 233 233 237 242 241 235 239 243 242 246 247 239 244 245 238 243 243 231 236 235 237 244 245 241 244 244 NA NA NA NA = not available. NOTES: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) grade 4 mathematics scores are for public schools only. For additional details on NAEP scores by sex and race or ethnicity, see appendix tables 8-1–8-12. SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years). Science and Engineering Indicators 2014

### State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.