Skip all navigation and go to page content.

Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education

Eighth Grade Mathematics Performance



Findings

  • In 2011, the nationwide average mathematics score of eighth grade public school students was 283, an increase from 276 in 2003. Eighth graders scored higher in mathematics in 2011 than in any previous assessment year.
  • Of the 51 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2003 and 2011 mathematics assessments, 46 showed increases in mathematics scores among public school eighth graders over the period. Since 2007, eighth grade mathematics scores showed an increase for public school students in 28 states.
  • Nationally, the 2011 average mathematics score for white public school eighth grade students was 293 compared to 262 for black students, a gap of 31 points, and 269 for Hispanic students, a gap of 24 points, based upon racial classifications provided by the schools. In 2003, these score gaps were 35 and 29 points, respectively.


Description

This indicator represents each state’s average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its eighth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment, conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics, is part of a legally mandated federal effort to measure student performance. It measures students’ knowledge and skills in mathematics and their ability to apply that knowledge in the content areas of number properties and operations; measurement; geometry; data analysis, statistics, and probability; and algebra. Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500.

All 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in the 2011 NAEP mathematics assessment. Students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency are allowed to use certain accommodations (e.g., extra testing time or individual rather than group administration). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered. For additional details on NAEP scores by gender and race/ethnicity, see appendix tables 8-1 to 8-12.


Data Table

Table 8-5
Average eighth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2003, 2007, and 2011
(Score out of 500)
 
State 2003 2007 2011
 
Average EPSCoR state value 276 279 282
Average non-EPSCoR state value 279 283 285
 
United States 276 280 283
Alabama 262 266 269
Alaska 279 283 283
Arizona 271 276 279
Arkansas 266 274 279
California 267 270 273
Colorado 283 286 292
Connecticut 284 282 287
Delaware 277 283 283
District of Columbia 243 248 260
Florida 271 277 278
Georgia 270 275 278
Hawaii 266 269 278
Idaho 280 284 287
Illinois 277 280 283
Indiana 281 285 285
Iowa 284 285 285
Kansas 284 290 290
Kentucky 274 279 282
Louisiana 266 272 273
Maine 282 286 289
Maryland 278 286 288
Massachusetts 287 298 299
Michigan 276 277 280
Minnesota 291 292 295
Mississippi 261 265 269
Missouri 279 281 282
Montana 286 287 293
Nebraska 282 284 283
Nevada 268 271 278
New Hampshire 286 288 292
New Jersey 281 289 294
New Mexico 263 268 274
New York 280 280 280
North Carolina 281 284 286
North Dakota 287 292 292
Ohio 282 285 289
Oklahoma 272 275 279
Oregon 281 284 283
Pennsylvania 279 286 286
Rhode Island 272 275 283
South Carolina 277 282 281
South Dakota 285 288 291
Tennessee 268 274 274
Texas 277 286 290
Utah 281 281 283
Vermont 286 291 294
Virginia 282 288 289
Washington 281 285 288
West Virginia 271 270 273
Wisconsin 284 286 289
Wyoming 284 287 288
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available.

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.

NOTES: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) grade 8 mathematics scores are for public schools only. For additional details on NAEP scores by sex and race or ethnicity, see appendix tables 8-1–8-12. For an explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see the chapter introduction.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

Close