Skip all navigation and go to page content.

Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

State Expenditures on Student Aid per Full-Time Undergraduate Student



Findings

  • The total amount of state financial aid from grants provided to undergraduates doubled nationwide, increasing from $4.6 billion in 2001 to $9.1 billion in 2011.
  • On a per-student basis, state funding for student grants across the United States increased from $613 per undergraduate in 2001 to $858 per undergraduate in 2011.
  • There are major differences in the amount of state aid provided to undergraduate students in different states. State values for this indicator ranged from $16 to $2,553 in 2011. Seven jurisdictions averaged less than $100 per undergraduate student, while 14 provided more than $1,000 per student.
  • Eleven states reported spending less per student for student financial aid in 2011 than in 2001, even though the cost of undergraduate education rose rapidly during this period.


Description

The cost of an undergraduate education can be reduced with financial assistance from the state or federal government or from an academic institution. This indicator is calculated by dividing the amount of financial support from state grants by the number of full-time undergraduate students who attend both public and private institutions in the state. A high value is one indicator of state efforts to provide access to higher education at a time of escalating undergraduate costs. The actual distribution of state grants to individual students may be affected by the percentage of undergraduates who are state residents.

This indicator should be viewed relative to the tuition charged to undergraduates in a state, as some states have chosen to subsidize tuition for all students at public institutions rather than provide grants. Other differences between states, such as the amount of scholarship aid available from other sources, the percentage of students attending out-of-state institutions, and their eligibility for state funding, mean that readers should exercise caution when making comparisons between states and examining changes over time.

Total state grant expenditures for financial aid include need-based and non–need-based grants. State assistance through subsidized or unsubsidized loans and awards to students at the graduate and first professional degree levels is not included. The year is the end date of the academic year. For example, data for 2011 represent costs for the 2010–11 academic year.


Data Table

Table 8-29
State expenditures on student aid per full-time undergraduate student, by state: 2001, 2006, and 2011
 
State expenditures
on student aid ($thousands)
Undergraduate enrollment
at 4-year institutions
State expenditures
on student aid/undergraduate
enrollment at 4-year institutions ($)
State 2001 2006 2011 2001 2006 2011 2001 2006 2011
 
United States 4,565,162 6,789,273 9,052,204 7,450,520 8,653,820 10,547,386 613 785 858
Alabama 7,413 7,626 19,193 127,475 143,386 176,759 58 53 109
Alaska NA 502 1,514 24,939 26,382 30,749 NA 19 49
Arizona 2,990 2,798 19,932 124,389 262,642 433,785 24 11 46
Arkansas 39,151 28,364 146,496 73,369 82,437 97,013 534 344 1,510
California 461,914 757,809 1,269,917 636,105 714,347 809,090 726 1,061 1,570
Colorado 54,151 60,737 70,970 138,846 168,860 196,643 390 360 361
Connecticut 44,763 39,366 63,611 87,335 93,832 106,932 513 420 595
Delaware 1,432 10,240 19,435 28,125 28,268 31,640 51 362 614
District of Columbia 781 33,856 34,713 52,262 65,318 48,459 15 518 716
Florida 302,633 410,758 577,736 310,145 504,557 884,228 976 814 653
Georgia 310,995 461,615 768,449 198,254 236,664 322,458 1,569 1,951 2,383
Hawaii 535 410 3,339 27,637 33,963 38,071 19 12 88
Idaho 1,138 5,424 5,064 50,969 57,505 65,074 22 94 78
Illinois 382,566 380,349 407,825 281,619 330,331 351,725 1,358 1,151 1,159
Indiana 111,618 182,281 251,254 222,510 243,669 288,387 502 748 871
Iowa 53,100 53,815 57,848 99,468 127,886 221,384 534 421 261
Kansas 12,819 15,168 17,590 86,126 92,962 100,750 149 163 175
Kentucky 66,931 172,866 193,206 112,935 127,630 146,072 593 1,354 1,323
Louisiana 91,166 116,432 178,753 146,230 141,348 144,475 623 824 1,237
Maine 11,961 13,387 15,230 43,082 44,270 43,972 278 302 346
Maryland 50,416 76,362 90,535 122,430 135,317 155,690 412 564 582
Massachusetts 116,892 80,093 87,823 235,697 246,799 268,140 496 325 328
Michigan 102,164 197,674 85,612 295,912 320,345 341,985 345 617 250
Minnesota 120,465 131,010 130,073 152,381 170,616 203,079 791 768 641
Mississippi 20,163 22,285 22,198 62,595 65,791 75,152 322 339 295
Missouri 43,882 42,068 90,774 182,463 212,159 254,357 240 198 357
Montana 3,195 3,760 5,877 33,462 33,677 39,110 95 112 150
Nebraska 5,975 9,918 15,671 59,388 63,983 70,231 101 155 223
Nevada 13,449 39,671 47,838 34,274 81,180 93,013 392 489 514
New Hampshire 1,497 3,753 2,967 42,534 44,860 48,794 35 84 61
New Jersey 197,619 256,047 333,404 161,329 171,282 201,059 1,225 1,495 1,658
New Mexico 38,736 61,780 89,254 43,285 50,546 59,125 895 1,222 1,510
New York 659,394 895,129 896,266 581,671 624,730 712,725 1,134 1,433 1,258
North Carolina 121,153 192,018 378,366 196,748 230,576 259,914 616 833 1,456
North Dakota 1,152 1,864 12,198 29,951 34,017 41,423 38 55 294
Ohio 173,868 221,411 109,731 309,285 337,332 412,936 562 656 266
Oklahoma 29,035 58,216 92,122 102,808 114,011 128,649 282 511 716
Oregon 19,711 29,429 19,287 80,385 91,031 112,271 245 323 172
Pennsylvania 325,234 403,957 368,459 386,220 423,915 457,606 842 953 805
Rhode Island 6,164 12,883 13,170 50,452 54,189 56,056 122 238 235
South Carolina 98,095 255,744 325,348 95,652 105,408 127,415 1,026 2,426 2,553
South Dakota NA 3,367 4,418 33,125 37,090 42,527 NA 91 104
Tennessee 30,156 173,907 353,309 142,697 162,843 192,406 211 1,068 1,836
Texas 108,628 366,873 684,905 449,177 538,069 623,983 242 682 1,098
Utah 2,511 7,409 9,674 128,285 140,967 190,067 20 53 51
Vermont 14,414 17,560 17,328 26,395 28,648 31,116 546 613 557
Virginia 115,242 132,720 188,585 180,228 218,857 285,448 639 606 661
Washington 98,533 173,835 234,238 110,310 128,585 183,650 893 1,352 1,275
West Virginia 18,217 70,981 100,916 69,795 66,302 111,857 261 1,071 902
Wisconsin 71,145 93,583 119,616 170,859 184,922 219,649 416 506 545
Wyoming NA 163 167 8,907 9,516 10,287 NA 17 16
 
Puerto Rico 40,231 33,840 53,318 156,795 165,366 181,489 257 205 294
 

NA = not available.

SOURCES: National Association of State Student Grant and Aid Programs, Annual Survey Report (various years); National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

Close