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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

State Funding for Public Research Universities per Full-Time Equivalent Student



Findings

  • Across the nation, state funding for public research universities and their branch campuses increased from nearly $25 billion in 2000 to nearly $37 billion in 2010. Only two states did not increase their funding for public research universities and their branch campuses during this period.
  • When adjusted for inflation, total state expenditures for public research universities increased by 18% between 2000 and 2010, while FTE enrollment increased by over 22%.
  • Between 2000 and 2010, per-student state support to public research universities dropped by an average of 3% in inflation-adjusted dollars.


Description

Public research universities rely on state support for a substantial share of their operating revenues, most of which support their education function. The amount of funding provided per full-time equivalent (FTE) student is an indicator of states’ investment in the education of their students. Eventually, changes in these funds affect the institutions’ financial health and the quality of education they provide.

Data for this indicator cover 101 public research universities with broad educational missions (excluding freestanding medical and engineering schools when possible). These institutions are either the leading recipient of academic R&D funding in their state or among the nation’s top 100 recipients of academic R&D funding to public universities in 2008. State funds include state and local operating grants and contracts as well as state appropriations. Enrollment includes total FTE enrollment measured in the fall of each academic year.

Data were drawn from the National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database: 2000–2010. To maintain comparability over time, the database groups institutions that included data for branch campuses in their reporting to IPEDS in 1 or more years. Specifically, for 34 institutions in the database, data cover branch campuses with little or no research activity as well as main campuses for which research is central to the university’s mission. Comparison between states and analysis of funding trends at the nation’s most research-intensive institutions should take this into account.

State funds are one of many sources of public university revenue. This indicator does not include changes in these other revenue sources.


Data Table

Table 8-30
State funding for public research universities per full-time equivalent student, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2010
 
State funding for
major public research
universities ($thousands)
FTE enrolled students State funding for public research
universities/FTE enrolled student ($)
State 2000 2005 2010 2000 2005 2010 2000 2005 2010
 
United States 24,865,422 31,273,013 36,859,219 2,353,173 2,622,287 2,877,469 10,567 11,926 12,810
Alabama 404,754 531,561 620,604 37,325 39,842 42,101 10,844 13,342 14,741
Alaska 185,564 286,687 400,048 16,096 18,722 19,614 11,529 15,313 20,396
Arizona 621,501 758,956 918,021 66,712 75,172 95,139 9,316 10,096 9,649
Arkansas 176,714 200,887 251,151 13,196 14,605 17,121 13,391 13,755 14,669
California 2,618,451 3,337,918 4,082,603 193,944 221,004 244,519 13,501 15,103 16,696
Colorado 218,806 223,086 161,033 47,525 52,820 54,687 4,604 4,224 2,945
Connecticut 380,456 445,039 608,193 19,219 24,158 26,294 19,796 18,422 23,130
Delaware 109,653 131,880 148,308 18,722 19,350 19,506 5,857 6,816 7,603
District of Columbia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Florida 1,455,743 2,298,758 2,616,966 140,621 172,048 188,691 10,352 13,361 13,869
Georgia 920,671 986,136 1,055,577 58,504 67,614 76,588 15,737 14,585 13,783
Hawaii 183,164 296,004 359,025 14,398 17,103 16,899 12,721 17,307 21,245
Idaho 108,404 144,959 122,931 9,585 11,014 10,513 11,310 13,161 11,693
Illinois 927,641 1,001,944 1,122,660 79,863 82,597 86,474 11,615 12,131 12,983
Indiana 518,069 630,767 669,915 69,150 72,063 77,482 7,492 8,753 8,646
Iowa 563,423 591,598 611,004 48,712 49,286 52,037 11,566 12,003 11,742
Kansas 319,712 367,085 563,987 40,721 43,759 46,904 7,851 8,389 12,024
Kentucky 499,773 615,607 653,892 35,765 39,764 42,144 13,974 15,482 15,516
Louisiana 278,804 342,635 348,428 28,644 30,035 26,914 9,733 11,408 12,946
Maine 192,289 243,768 261,284 24,276 27,369 27,088 7,921 8,907 9,646
Maryland 433,340 588,915 593,753 37,442 41,522 44,629 11,574 14,183 13,304
Massachusetts 519,962 614,223 632,434 46,182 46,238 54,469 11,259 13,284 11,611
Michigan 1,002,738 1,253,549 1,241,363 94,551 102,013 107,487 10,605 12,288 11,549
Minnesota 592,159 783,777 1,001,761 35,330 41,521 43,254 16,761 18,877 23,160
Mississippi 260,204 267,310 294,249 24,684 27,367 31,205 10,541 9,768 9,430
Missouri 470,857 530,539 632,596 43,157 49,720 56,507 10,910 10,671 11,195
Montana 55,167 64,978 73,074 10,467 10,533 10,617 5,271 6,169 6,883
Nebraska 256,913 278,534 350,481 29,715 30,523 33,970 8,646 9,125 10,317
Nevada 135,194 198,948 197,496 9,677 13,039 13,946 13,971 15,258 14,161
New Hampshire 82,863 115,288 149,608 20,933 23,263 26,275 3,958 4,956 5,694
New Jersey 570,620 689,066 731,360 47,407 49,603 55,272 12,037 13,892 13,232
New Mexico 403,774 519,765 651,942 40,718 45,155 51,884 9,916 11,511 12,565
New York 725,971 1,063,088 1,547,586 63,096 69,203 77,091 11,506 15,362 20,075
North Carolina 794,917 990,950 1,350,270 45,492 49,458 55,334 17,474 20,036 24,402
North Dakota 136,245 178,899 258,148 21,900 26,713 27,976 6,221 6,697 9,227
Ohio 779,803 972,021 1,143,700 91,254 98,065 110,237 8,545 9,912 10,375
Oklahoma 346,788 390,760 506,624 37,533 43,948 41,226 9,240 8,891 12,289
Oregon 220,361 235,773 243,593 30,644 36,497 40,774 7,191 6,460 5,974
Pennsylvania 692,819 857,409 952,440 117,563 126,593 139,967 5,893 6,773 6,805
Rhode Island 81,968 95,139 71,880 11,806 12,618 14,566 6,943 7,540 4,935
South Carolina 376,372 389,544 383,147 35,248 38,235 43,365 10,678 10,188 8,835
South Dakota 48,496 64,110 78,464 7,252 9,163 10,367 6,687 6,997 7,569
Tennessee 444,873 794,529 706,906 37,970 38,289 43,905 11,716 20,751 16,101
Texas 2,293,537 2,781,144 3,914,463 190,114 225,357 246,847 12,064 12,341 15,858
Utah 321,948 476,882 541,400 35,839 41,437 44,037 8,983 11,509 12,294
Vermont 35,626 77,270 76,552 8,922 9,745 12,172 3,993 7,929 6,289
Virginia 815,759 866,207 933,792 94,170 104,625 120,454 8,663 8,279 7,752
Washington 565,588 726,238 822,927 52,296 58,997 69,789 10,815 12,310 11,792
West Virginia 219,310 239,083 281,888 22,640 26,121 29,613 9,687 9,153 9,519
Wisconsin 396,056 573,924 678,788 36,825 37,769 38,822 10,755 15,196 17,485
Wyoming 101,602 159,876 240,903 9,368 10,632 10,697 10,846 15,037 22,521
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
 

NA = not available.

FTE = full-time equivalent.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Analytics; Delta Cost Project Database: 2000–2010.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

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