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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Financial Research and Development Outputs

State Agency R&D Expenditures per Individual in Science and Engineering Occupation



Findings

  • Nationally, state government agencies spent about $1.4 billion for R&D in 2011. By comparison, the federal government obligated more than $132 billion for R&D in 2011.
  • In 2011, the average state agency R&D expenditure per person employed in an S&E occupation was $242, compared to about $23,000 the federal government averaged for each person employed in an S&E occupation.
  • State agency R&D funding per person employed in an S&E occupation ranged from $22 to $1,939 per state in 2011.
  • Several Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research states had the highest state agency R&D spending per S&E worker.


Description

This indicator represents the ratio of state agency R&D funding to the number of individuals who work in S&E occupations in the state.

Data on state agency R&D cover funding administered by state government departments, agencies, independent commissions, and other state-run entities. They exclude state-run colleges and universities as well as laboratories or experiment stations controlled by state universities; funding administered by these institutions is classified as academic R&D. The data also exclude state legislatures’ direct appropriations to nonstate agencies. Some data may include expenditures for non-R&D activities such as commercialization, environmental testing, and routine survey work.

S&E occupations are defined by standard occupational codes. They include engineers and computer, mathematical, life, physical, and social scientists. Managers, technicians, elementary and secondary schoolteachers, and medical personnel are not included.

Data on individuals in S&E occupations come from a survey of workplaces that assigns workers to a state based on where they work. Estimates do not include self-employed persons and are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics from data provided by state workforce agencies. Because of the way data are collected, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not included as workers in S&E occupations. Data on people in S&E occupations are sample based.


Data Table

Table 8-45
State agency R&D expenditures per individual in science and engineering occupation, by state: 2006, 2009, and 2011
 
State agency R&D expenditures ($) Individuals in S&E occupations State agency R&D
expenditures/individual
in S&E occupation ($)
State 2006 2009 2011 2006 2009 2011 2006 2009 2011
 
United States 1,021,016,894 1,213,524,157 1,403,816,235 5,407,710 5,785,710 5,794,980 189 210 242
Alabama 7,269,319 12,929,167 19,684,063 66,100 68,670 70,290 110 188 280
Alaska 10,019,060 7,741,467 11,349,400 10,720 14,780 15,680 935 524 724
Arizona 37,151,471 9,363,943 18,626,577 98,110 102,820 115,330 379 91 162
Arkansas 4,869,648 11,465,214 14,705,327 24,860 31,420 29,350 196 365 501
California 107,793,045 146,793,247 149,810,643 730,010 795,240 800,430 148 185 187
Colorado 8,997,236 15,563,581 18,141,931 133,730 148,090 144,750 67 105 125
Connecticut 19,209,064 28,559,052 39,192,091 79,380 79,160 76,550 242 361 512
Delaware 2,812,102 1,683,562 2,609,902 21,550 22,200 22,430 130 76 116
District of Columbia 1,173,076 487,411 1,221,108 64,120 61,430 62,660 18 8 19
Florida 42,329,624 66,513,756 150,764,438 246,190 247,070 244,970 172 269 615
Georgia 10,620,188 6,662,887 11,690,663 136,470 NA 147,820 78 NA 79
Hawaii 12,067,849 13,976,364 13,103,983 18,940 19,020 20,100 637 735 652
Idaho 2,280,873 8,552,058 9,366,052 NA 23,520 25,950 NA 364 361
Illinois 37,184,281 9,570,893 17,207,125 222,470 221,170 204,420 167 43 84
Indiana 6,220,575 47,549,928 6,983,364 80,110 90,750 93,640 78 524 75
Iowa 13,564,062 37,976,643 36,992,222 43,670 47,080 48,930 311 807 756
Kansas 14,348,384 12,305,385 6,635,626 48,620 56,200 51,530 295 219 129
Kentucky 17,558,997 13,938,134 20,498,849 44,680 51,200 51,990 393 272 394
Louisiana 11,216,568 8,285,478 9,203,635 40,180 43,630 42,760 279 190 215
Maine 17,509,051 6,400,019 9,918,765 15,950 17,910 17,490 1,098 357 567
Maryland 24,945,119 21,093,331 20,084,540 159,470 169,540 173,020 156 124 116
Massachusetts 10,729,419 3,290,198 4,878,927 198,670 217,690 220,670 54 15 22
Michigan 75,016,589 8,630,209 9,802,873 208,520 187,760 188,380 360 46 52
Minnesota 6,219,201 16,655,913 11,653,327 125,930 134,060 130,340 49 124 89
Mississippi 2,744,882 3,623,953 7,420,851 24,910 25,940 23,440 110 140 317
Missouri 18,465,303 15,797,247 13,658,961 96,420 104,310 106,930 192 151 128
Montana 8,606,319 7,200,442 6,474,190 13,010 14,210 14,960 662 507 433
Nebraska 5,602,163 4,415,644 4,061,651 32,500 31,790 33,800 172 139 120
Nevada 1,397,463 1,510,607 1,868,869 26,930 27,560 28,370 52 55 66
New Hampshire 2,040,544 1,860,269 1,921,421 27,680 30,550 29,260 74 61 66
New Jersey 25,900,482 15,146,838 17,068,781 176,460 195,690 182,210 147 77 94
New Mexico 3,105,000 1,655,529 1,821,583 30,800 36,950 35,520 101 45 51
New York 103,597,135 151,467,015 182,736,305 306,810 315,480 310,510 338 480 589
North Carolina 14,344,310 40,404,202 29,611,785 138,790 158,920 161,880 103 254 183
North Dakota 21,062,090 16,415,807 8,072,257 9,360 9,930 12,070 2,250 1,653 669
Ohio 55,068,629 121,394,963 159,322,228 185,190 207,930 208,140 297 584 765
Oklahoma 8,922,036 15,930,878 20,304,740 50,770 45,730 47,090 176 348 431
Oregon 7,382,722 11,120,140 20,001,272 64,520 69,630 NA 114 160 NA
Pennsylvania 117,320,158 102,958,404 71,098,139 214,910 NA NA 546 NA NA
Rhode Island 150,000 1,877,724 1,947,727 18,060 18,120 19,450 8 104 100
South Carolina 22,427,746 28,599,885 47,795,394 53,230 57,370 61,020 421 499 783
South Dakota 5,791,586 4,430,602 3,629,155 10,120 11,570 11,790 572 383 308
Tennessee 5,355,000 3,752,587 3,606,726 67,040 68,970 77,630 80 54 46
Texas 28,019,645 49,381,346 47,372,367 408,710 470,010 469,080 69 105 101
Utah 3,214,170 26,442,711 34,418,764 49,690 51,270 51,350 65 516 670
Vermont 1,680,533 738,707 1,711,673 12,780 12,780 13,100 131 58 131
Virginia 11,579,623 17,412,519 17,241,804 251,720 264,090 267,620 46 66 64
Washington 22,834,218 13,892,247 24,500,489 171,780 196,850 196,760 133 71 125
West Virginia 6,024,577 10,357,006 35,475,338 17,150 16,350 18,300 351 633 1,939
Wisconsin 10,949,155 24,942,415 21,128,936 96,860 100,850 102,320 113 247 206
Wyoming 6,326,604 4,806,630 5,419,398 7,640 8,920 8,440 828 539 642
 
Puerto Rico 1,458,790 NA 537,869 23,850 22,760 20,990 61 NA 26
 

NA = not available.

NOTES: The national total for S&E occupations includes states with suppressed data. Occupational Employment Statistics estimates for S&E occupations are based on May data.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures (various years); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

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