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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Research and Development Outputs

Science and Engineering Doctorates Conferred per 1,000 Employed S&E Doctorate Holders



Findings

  • In 2010, nearly 33,000 S&E doctorates were awarded by U.S. academic institutions, approximately 28% more than in 2001.
  • The national value for this indicator rose from 44.3 S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders in 2001 to 47.2 in 2010.
  • State values for S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders employed ranged from 15.0 to 76.1 in 2010.
  • Low state values on this indicator may indicate either a small S&E graduate-level educational program or a concentration of S&E doctorate-level employment opportunities that attract significant numbers of S&E doctorate holders who were educated elsewhere. Low-ranking Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research states tend to fall into the former category.


Description

This indicator represents the rate at which the states are training new S&E doctorate recipients for entry into the workforce. High values indicate relatively large production of new doctorate holders compared with the existing stock of employed doctorate holders. States with relatively low values may need to attract S&E doctorate holders from elsewhere to meet the needs of local employers.

Data on doctorates conferred and on employed doctorate holders include those with doctoral degrees in computer and mathematical sciences; the biological, agricultural, or environmental life sciences; physical sciences; social sciences; psychology; engineering; and health fields. Both sets of data exclude individuals with doctorates from foreign institutions. The employed doctorate data also exclude those older than the age of 75. Data for doctorates conferred are presented by the location where the doctorate was earned; employment data for S&E doctorate holders are presented by employment location regardless of residence. Estimates for states with smaller populations of employed doctorate holders are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

The indicator does not take into account any postgraduation mobility of recent S&E doctorate recipients to their place of employment. Doctorate recipients with temporary visas may decide to return home after graduation to begin their careers. The indicator also does not cover individuals with non-U.S. S&E doctorates who are working in the United States.


Data Table

Table 8-48
Science and engineering doctorates conferred per 1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders, by state: 2001, 2006, and 2010
 
S&E doctorates conferred Employed S&E
doctorate holders
S&E doctorates
conferred/1,000 employed
S&E doctorate holders
State 2001 2006 2010 2001 2006 2010 2001 2006 2010
 
United States 25,352 30,291 32,509 572,800 618,400 688,300 44.3 49.0 47.2
Alabama 268 309 357 5,300 5,900 6,600 50.6 52.4 54.1
Alaska 22 18 38 1,200 1,100 1,400 18.3 16.4 27.1
Arizona 392 514 567 7,100 8,400 9,000 55.2 61.2 63.0
Arkansas 61 106 126 2,600 2,800 2,900 23.5 37.9 43.4
California 3,664 4,365 4,589 80,900 87,400 102,300 45.3 49.9 44.9
Colorado 511 546 611 11,800 13,100 14,800 43.3 41.7 41.3
Connecticut 370 453 470 9,500 10,300 11,300 38.9 44.0 41.6
Delaware 108 135 145 3,500 3,100 3,000 30.9 43.5 48.3
District of Columbia 306 363 263 14,200 13,300 14,900 21.5 27.3 17.7
Florida 838 1,211 1,389 15,700 17,600 20,600 53.4 68.8 67.4
Georgia 607 819 867 12,000 13,000 15,200 50.6 63.0 57.0
Hawaii 141 110 122 2,600 2,800 3,000 54.2 39.3 40.7
Idaho 50 72 63 2,200 2,800 2,800 22.7 25.7 22.5
Illinois 1,528 1,603 1,518 22,100 24,100 25,300 69.1 66.5 60.0
Indiana 621 700 818 9,600 9,900 10,900 64.7 70.7 75.0
Iowa 322 373 426 4,400 4,900 5,600 73.2 76.1 76.1
Kansas 236 247 259 4,000 4,300 4,000 59.0 57.4 64.8
Kentucky 174 254 263 4,600 5,000 5,100 37.8 50.8 51.6
Louisiana 317 289 377 5,300 5,500 5,300 59.8 52.5 71.1
Maine 30 27 36 2,000 2,400 2,400 15.0 11.3 15.0
Maryland 604 791 817 22,700 26,200 29,800 26.6 30.2 27.4
Massachusetts 1,436 1,689 1,788 29,100 32,400 36,900 49.3 52.1 48.5
Michigan 868 1,060 1,153 17,400 17,900 18,000 49.9 59.2 64.1
Minnesota 531 705 713 11,400 11,800 13,700 46.6 59.7 52.0
Mississippi 115 142 200 3,200 3,300 3,300 35.9 43.0 60.6
Missouri 412 512 495 9,300 9,300 10,700 44.3 55.1 46.3
Montana 39 66 70 1,400 2,000 2,400 27.9 33.0 29.2
Nebraska 131 136 191 2,900 3,000 3,100 45.2 45.3 61.6
Nevada 50 93 126 2,000 2,600 3,000 25.0 35.8 42.0
New Hampshire 111 129 133 2,500 2,500 3,000 44.4 51.6 44.3
New Jersey 652 708 775 22,700 20,800 23,000 28.7 34.0 33.7
New Mexico 134 181 168 7,700 8,300 8,000 17.4 21.8 21.0
New York 2,157 2,495 2,576 44,000 45,900 50,900 49.0 54.4 50.6
North Carolina 665 805 987 16,800 18,900 20,600 39.6 42.6 47.9
North Dakota 43 45 69 1,100 1,400 1,500 39.1 32.1 46.0
Ohio 1,023 1,138 1,175 20,100 20,500 21,700 50.9 55.5 54.1
Oklahoma 198 195 271 4,400 4,400 4,900 45.0 44.3 55.3
Oregon 298 320 295 7,000 8,300 9,100 42.6 38.6 32.4
Pennsylvania 1,143 1,551 1,571 26,100 29,100 31,300 43.8 53.3 50.2
Rhode Island 168 223 209 2,600 3,000 3,000 64.6 74.3 69.7
South Carolina 205 231 264 5,100 5,900 6,400 40.2 39.2 41.3
South Dakota 31 38 51 1,000 1,000 1,300 31.0 38.0 39.2
Tennessee 351 395 448 9,000 10,000 11,500 39.0 39.5 39.0
Texas 1,500 1,845 2,192 32,500 36,000 42,400 46.2 51.3 51.7
Utah 197 225 280 4,800 5,500 5,900 41.0 40.9 47.5
Vermont 52 49 58 1,800 1,700 1,800 28.9 28.8 32.2
Virginia 667 787 832 17,500 19,800 22,000 38.1 39.7 37.8
Washington 422 525 540 14,800 16,900 18,900 28.5 31.1 28.6
West Virginia 56 102 115 1,900 2,000 2,200 29.5 51.0 52.3
Wisconsin 494 559 593 8,700 9,500 10,600 56.8 58.8 55.9
Wyoming 33 37 50 800 700 800 41.3 52.9 62.5
 
Puerto Rico 101 161 140 1,400 1,700 2,300 72.1 94.7 60.9
 

NOTE: Data on U.S. S&E doctorate holders are classified by employment location.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates, and Survey of Doctorate Recipients (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

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